singh jee, Bhagat Jaswant Singh Jee has santhya to many famous gursikhs such as Bhai Jarnail Singh(damdami taksal wale) Sant Baba Raam Singh Ji(damdami taksal wale) and Giani Takur Singh Ji(patiala wale) and many other gursikh from the taksal. Out of these mentioned names Bhai Jarnail Singh jee has the most shud ucharan because he pronounces most of the laga matar in gurbani(i think everybody knows that since most of us listen to his nitnem recordings). However, with giani thakur singh jee daas doesnt want to do ninda of them but their ucharan isnt that shud because they dont pronounce the laga matars in gurbani, (from what i have heard from the singhs in the taksal ). Furthermore, Guru Sahib has said that gurbani is our sareer, the akar(gurmukhi letters) are our angs(limbs) and the laga matar our are roam(hair)fro this reason we should take care in reading all the laga matars in gurbani, inorder to keep full respect of guru sahib. In addition you can read these sakhi to learn the importance of Shudh Uchaaran (ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਉਚਾਰਨ ਮਹਾਨਤਾ) Sakhi Bhai Gopala Jee (ਭਾਈ ਗੋਪਾਲਾ ਜੀ): Upon the victory of the Second Hargobindpur(ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦਪੁਰ) battle, Guru Hargobind Sahib Jee had set up a congregation for the sangat(ਸੰਗਤ ) and the fallen Shaeeds(ਸ਼ਹੀਦਾਂ). After the war Gurusahib’s state of mind was one of gratitude and calmness. GuruSahib looked to the sangat and did Benti to all his sikhs. He asked if there is any sikh who can recite Sri JapJi Sahib Jee correctly(ਸ਼ੁੱਧ) with all the characters(ਲਗਾਂ) and full focus(ਇਕਾਗ੍ਰਤਾ). One of GuruSahib Jee’s sikhs, Bhai Gopala Jee obtained shudh santhya (ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਸੰਥਾ) from Guru Arjun Dev Sahib Jee himself. Bhai Sahib gets up and does Benti(ਬੇਨਤੀ) to Guru Hargobind Sahib Maharaj to give him the strength and blessing to recite Sri Jap Ji Sahib. Pleased, GuruSahib gave Bhai Gopala Jee a seat(ਆਸਨ) at the highest point of the congregation. Bhai Santokh Singh Jee in Sooraj Parkash (ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰਪ੍ਰਤਾਪ ਸੂਰਜ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ) writes: ਬੈਠਯੋ ਸਨਮੁਖ; ਲੱਗਯੋ ਉਚਾਰਨ॥ ਸਿਮਰਯੋ, ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੁਖ ਕਾਰਨ॥ Sitting infront of GuruSahib, Bhai Gopala Jee first contemplated on Sahib Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Jee’s name and then began to recite Sri JapJi Sahib Jee. ਪੂਰਬ ਕਹਿ, ਇੱਕਓਅੰਕਾਰ॥ ਸਤਿਨਾਮੁ ਕੋ, ਬਹੁਰ ਉਚਾਰ॥ With full focus and concentration he recited Ik Oankar (ਇੱਕਓਅੰਕਾਰ) with correct pronounciation and characters(ਲਗਾਂ). Then he continued in the same manner with Satnam(ਸਤਿਨਾਮੁ). ਇੱਕਓਅੰਕਾਰ, ਜਬ ਮੁਖੋਂ ਉਚਾਰਾ॥ ਨਮਸਕਾਰ ਕਰ, ਗੁਰ ਕਰਤਾਰਾ॥ Upon hearing the beautiful Banee, Guru Hargobind Sahib Jee bowed down to the Gurshabad Banee. ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਰ ਜੋਰਿ॥ ਨਮਸਕਾਰ ਕੀਨੀ, ਸਿਖ ਓਰਿ॥ Then Gurusahb proceeds to clasp his hands and pay reverence to Bhai Gopala Jee. ਦੋਹਰਾ॥ ਅਤਿ ਪ੍ਰਸੰਨ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਭਏ; ਸੁਨਤ ਪਾਠ ਨਿਰਧਾਰ॥ ਨਿੱਜ ਮਨ ਮੈਂ ਐਸੇ ਕਹਾ; ਕਿਆ ਦੇਵੋਂ ਇਹ ਵਾਰ॥ Upon hearing the Banee, GuruSahib was overcome with euphoria(ਵਿਸਮਾਦ). He was so pleased with the way Bhai Gopala Jee was doing Banee that he thought to himself, what could I possibly give in return for hearing Banee so beautifully? If I make him emperor of the world, thats temporal. What should be given to award such beautiful recitation of Banee? ਦੋਹਰਾ॥ ਦਿਲੀ ਪਿਆਰਾ ਸਮਝ ਕੈ; ਬੋਲੇ ਗੁਰ ਕਰਤਾਰ॥ ਅਚੱਲ ਰਾਜ ਦੇਵਨ ਲੱਗੇ; ਕਿਆ ਕੀਨੀ ਇਹ ਕਾਰ॥ With their heart full of love, Guru Hargobind Sahib Jee decided to give him the one kingdom that was eternal: Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Jee’s Throne (ਗੁਰਗੱਦੀ). Guru Sahib moved one of his knees to get up from their throne and give the Gursikh their seat(ਸਿੰਘਾਸਨ). At that point, JapJi Sahib had reached the final stanza (ਸਲੋਕ). After seeing GuruSahib get up, Bhai Gopala jee’s concentration was dissrupted, a thought(ਫ਼ੁਰਨਾ) crossed his mind that Guru Sahib was leaving. Bhai Gopala Jee thought if Guru Sahib did not leave, Guruji would gift him a royal horse from GuruSahib’s stable. Understanding BhaiSahib’s sudden thought, GuruSahib gets up at the completion of JapJi Sahib and hugs Bhai Gopala Jee. Guru Sahib tells him that ‘I was about to give you Guru Nanak Dev Jee’s crown had you not asked for a horse.’ ਧੰਨ ਜਨਮ ਅਬ, ਤੁਮਰਾ ਭਯੋ॥ ਜਨਮ ਮਰਨ, ਸਗਲਾ ਦੁਖ ਗਯੋ॥ GuruSahib was so pleased that he gave Bhai Sahib blessings (ਵਰ )after granting him the royal horse. Bhai Sahib’s life was blessed and he was free from the birth and death cycle. He was liberated from all his sorrow and pains in the physical and afterlife. ਜੋ ਤੁਮ ਮਨ ਮੈ, ਇਛਾ ਧਾਰੋ॥ ਸੋ ਲੇਵੋ; ਨਹਿੰ ਦੇਰ ਬਿਚਾਰੋ॥ Guru Sahib goes on further to say that any wishes that you may ever have will come to fruitation instantly. The importance of doing Shudh Banee cannot be understated. If GuruSahib himself was about to give his throne(ਗੁਰਗੱਦੀ) based on the correct recitation of Bani, imagine how much significance reciting Shudh Banee holds. Bhai Gurdaas Jee: Guru Arjun Dev Sahib Jee had given respect to Bhai Gurdaas Jee’s Banee calling it the key to opening the treasure of Guru Granth Sahib Jee. In Bhai Gurdaas Jee’s Kabits (poems), there is one that deals with the importance of Shudh Ucharan and each individual character. ਜੈਸੇ ਲਗ ਮਾਤ੍ਰ ਹੀਨ ਪੜਤ ਅਉਰ ਕਉ ਅਉਰ ਪਿਤਾ ਪੂਤ ਪੂਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਸਮਸਰਿ ਜਾਨੀਐ ॥ If a word is not pronounced with the proper characters(ਲਗਾ ), it loses meaning and becomes incoherent. Its like calling a father the son, or a son the father both in pronounciation(replacing the sihari(ਿ) with Dolankre(ੂ) and literal meaning. ਸੁਰਤਿ ਬਿਹੂਨ ਜੈਸੇ ਬਾਵਰੋ ਬਖਾਨੀਅਤ ਅਉਰ ਕਹੇ ਅਉਰ ਕਛੇ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਮੈ ਆਨੀਐ ॥ Just like a human without sense and intelligence is called insane, whatever they intend to say with their heart comes out as something completely different when they choose to speak. ਜੈਸੇ ਗੁੰਗ ਸਭਾ ਮਧਿ ਕਹਿ ਨ ਸਕਤ ਬਾਤ ਬੋਲਤ ਹਸਾਇ ਹੋਇਬਚਨ ਬਿਧਾਨੀਐ ॥ Just like a mute person cannot say anything infront of an educated crowd, when they try to say something, people ridicule and laugh at them ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮਾਰਗ ਮੈ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਥਕਤ ਹੁਇ ਲਗਨ ਸਗਨ ਮਾਨੇ ਕੈਸੇ ਮਾਨੀਐ ॥੨੬੪॥ On the path of a Gurmukh, there is no place for Manmukhs, they cannot keep up. Just like people who induldge in worldly pleasures cannot realise the true path. In that same manner, if these characters (ਲਗਾਂ) were not important to pronounce, why would they have been written in Banee? They all serve a purpose just like Bhai Sahib states. ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਛਬਿ ਰੂਪ ਰੰਗ ਸੋਭਾ ਨਿਧਿ ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਕੋਟਿ ਜਗਮਗ ਜੋਤਿ ਕੈ । Praising millions of millions of beautful, blissful and natural objects ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਰਾਜਭਾਗ ਪ੍ਰਭਤਾ ਪ੍ਰਤਾਪੁ ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਸੁਖ ਅਨੰਦ ਉਦੋਤ ਕੈ । Praising millions of millions of kingdoms, Honourables and various feelings of happiness ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਰਾਗ ਨਾਦਿ ਬਾਦ ਗਿਆਨ ਗੁਨ ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਜੋਗ ਭੋਗ ਓਤਪੋਤਿ ਕੈ । Praising millions of millions of knowledgeble musicians, vocalists, ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਤਿਲ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਅਗਾਧਿ ਬੋਧਿ ਨਮੋ ਨਮੋ ਦ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਦਰਸ ਸਬਦ ਸ੍ਰੋਤ ਕੈ ॥੨੬੫॥ That same praise is next to nothing when it comes to Banee. The praise to see Banee with your eyes (ਦ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਦਰਸ)and to hear Banee with your ears and see all the characters (ਸ੍ਰੋਤ ਦਰਸ) is not possible. You just have to bow down and give up all attempts to describe its praise. In that same manner, it is impossible to see Gurbani inside unless all the characters (ਲਗਾਂ) are being pronounced. The importance of articulating all the characters(ਲਗਾਂ) is more important when the Banee is being listened to. The importance of Shudh Ucharan with all the ਲਗਾ was heavily favoured by Sant Baba Gurbachan Singh Jee. Mahapursh loved everyone who recited Banee with all the ਲਗਾ. One time when the Jatha was at Nabha Sahib (ਨਾਭਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ), Bhai Kapoor Singh Jee, a Singh in the jatha began to argue with Sant Baba Gurbachan Singh Jee. All the Singhs that were sitting beside Mahapursh began to get angry at the tone in which Bhai Kapoor Singh Jee was speaking. As soon as Bhai Sahib leaves the room, Santji began to smile. All the Singhs were awestruck what just transpired and how Santji is reacting. Sant Baba Gurbachan Singh Jee looks at all the Singhs and says ਮਸਤਾਨਾ ਉਚਾਰਨ ਬੜਾ ਲਗਾਂ ਲਾ ਕੇ ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ (This Singh’s recitation of Banee and its characters is very accurate). When Bhagat Jaswant Singh Jee (BhagatJee) tells this story, he relates to the dealings that Vadde Mahapursh(ਵੱਡੇ ਮਹਾਂਪੁਰਸ਼) had with everyone. In Jatha, highest order was given to Guru Banee jee Sahib.