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Waheguru ji ka khalsa waheguru ji ki fateh! Dear Sangat, (unsure if this was ever posted on here) I have come across this book written by Nidar Singh back in the 90s, I have seen on another topic the person who posted this used this book to discredit the vidiya of Nidar Singh. This was posted on the internet four years ago..In those four years he has started training students in many other countries. http://www.shastervidiya.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/The-Fighting-Traditions-And-Fighting-Arts-Of.pdf I enjoyed reading this book and learnt a lot about jung vidiya, the terminology used, what certain words mean etc. 'http://www.shastervidiya.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/The-Fighting-Traditions-And-Fighting-Arts-Of.pdf'' (1) Guru Hargobinds duel with Mugls Khan as described by Kavi Santokh Singh Ji . ‘Siri Hargovind keh smukh Hoeh . ‘Bhu mreh pju nahen Kaj hoeh .’ Facing Guru Hargobind ( Mugls Khan said ) . ‘Many have died nothing has been achieved . ‘Abh mor tor ranh hev kral . Avehlokh lokh hrkeh bisal .’ Lets you and me fight a fierce battle . May the people see and be greatly happy . ‘Keh maroh-n aph keh leoh mareh . Tab hoeh har keh jeet kar .’ Either I will be killed or I will kill you . Then will be loss or victory . ‘Gur sunjhu sabhan koh dejh htaeh . Abh khareh pikeh ranh ker da-eh .’ The Guru heard and told every one ( Meaning Akalis) to back off . Now stand back and watch the skills of war . ‘Ooteh T-urk hateh nahen kavh kaleh . Eet Sikh miteh Gur bakh nalh .’ Over their the Muslims backed off fighting not . Over here hearing Gurus word the Sikhs backed off . ‘Arh preh beer donho sdir . Sabh lakeh Pata Baji soh Khan .’ Both warriors were great . Muglskha-n watched carefully the Guru’s archery . (Pta=Pats=sword / Ptkabaji = Swordmanship = Chatka Gatka = total leathal skills of war hence including archery ) . ‘Pikh Guru sang kiniseh bkhanh . Meh chaho-n Kharg koh karn jang .’ Seeing the Guru he said . ‘I wish to fight with a sword . ‘Tum teer tjuh bal adik sangh . Samta nah champ bidya mjar .’ You dispense arrows with great strength . I do not posses equal skills of archery . ‘Badeh marteh hoh prithmeh nihareh . Sunh dharm yudh kee riteh janeh .’ You see first and shoot great arrows .’ Listening to the traditions of righteous battle and understanding . ‘Gur preh utreh tajeh kikkan . Samsher gehee samh sher hath . Guru Ji got of his horse and forsook his bow . In a tiger like hand he took the tiger like sword . ‘Bhu Gurv Puladi badeh satheh . Jaeh lagt loh koh kat-h jaeh .’ Many armours did Guru Ji cut with it . Where ever it fell it cut through iron . ‘Haj narin katan kiya keh bnaeh . Sabh lipteh so-n chamk char . For cutting horse and men what can be said is made . All were adorned with gold and glistened . (The above two lines are difficult to translate even though a transliteration of the above lines can be easily made . But then again are irrelevant to our main object of study meaning Gurus Pentras . Thus when I was taught by my Ustad Ji , who taught from memory . Rather than giving me complete translations of the passages concerned he mainly concentrated on recounting only the portions of the passages actually dealing with the Pentras of battle ) . ‘Krh bamh sath geh mhd dar . Uth Muglskha-n khenchi Kirpan .’ In his left hand (Guru Ji ) held a shield . Dismounting Muglskha-n drew his sword . ‘Geh Sipar pju jabeh savdanh . Bhu lkheh daeh eet oot bchaeh .’ When taking hold of a large shield he was ready . Many techniques did he consider moving this way and that . ‘Ranh riti firteh ch-heh karneh ka-eh . Hoeh bam dahneh karteh nerh .’ Observing the traditions of the battlefield he moved about desiring to kill . Moving left and right coming nearer . ‘Gur smukh aeh chahet so-h perh . Siri Har Govind tabh kehseh taeh-n .’ Coming face to face with the Guru he wished to fight . Siri Guru Hargobind Ji said to him . ‘Sunh Khan jitak bidhya so-h paeh . Sabh kareh dikhavneh ajh aph .’ ‘Listen oh Khan the (Martial) knowledge you have learned . All off it today you show . ( If a warrior claims to posses secret techniques of battle one of the way’s , but not necessarily the best way , to find out is to fight him so he is forced to use them . Guru Ji above first want’s to see what Pentras Muglas Khan has then play his own Pentra .) ‘Bisvas jas keh treh daph . Dal duhneh ker jodha dikhanteh .’ With confidence and gaining praise fight with pride . Soldiers of both armies are watching . ‘Sabh jeet harh as-ah tranteh . Abh prthmeh varh krh leh prharh .’ All are hoping for victory not defeat . Now the first strike you strike . ‘Avlokeh bal ketikh jujar . Sunh dhir sahet-h Gur keh so-h benh .’ Our strengths ( Skill) many warriors are watching .’ Listening patiently to the words of the Guru . ‘Tabh Muglskha-n krh smukh nenh . Chahit prharh nahen davh paeh .’ Then Mugls Khan focused his eyes . He desired to strike but could not see a opening for a technique . ‘Jeh hthohn Kharg tanh leh bchaeh . Krh agar daleh adho kreh .’ If I strike with sword he will save himself . He will put shield in front and block the blow . (Mugls Khan is thinking to himself ) . ‘Hoeh nefil var kush nahen sreheh . Gur savdhan hoeh choferh .’ The technique will be wasted nothing will be gained . The Guru is alert and moving all around . ‘Samsher hath samh shere hereh . Tkh rehoh bhut-h nahen davh paeh .’ Sword in hand like a hunter he (Guru) is stalking . He (Mugls Khan ) is watching for a opening but he can find none . ‘Tabh parhju aneh Aseh koh uthaeh . Oopar jnaeh trh koh parharh .’ Then attacking (Mugls Khan is trying to create an opening for attack ) raises his sword high . Feigning attack too above he delivers a low blow . ‘Gur gaeh koodh ga shoosh var . Pun Kharg sees kee dish chlaee .’ Guru Ji leapt and evaded the blow . Then (Mugls Khan) struck at the Gurus body . ‘Gur Sipar shigar hee krh bchaeh . Teh rokh oopereh hath leeneh .’ Guru Ji with speed blocked the blow on his shield . Taking the blow on it . ‘Geh Kharg aphno var kineh . Pujkeh tareh so-h tehen lagj jaeh .’ Grasping his sword (Guru Ji ) struck his blow . It struck below his arm ( Mughals Khans sword arm .) ‘Bal seht-h bheju es-h bidh sfaeh . Sabh Shashter baster phereh jeh ang .’ With power thus did the sword deal a clean blow . All weapons and clothes on the body . ‘Kat gaeh sakal ekh bar sang . Gan pasreeneh sabh kat deeneh .’ All were cut at once . All the ribs were cut . ‘Jug khand hoeh dahr prneh keen . Sir bhuja seht-h pah ekh khand .’ Cut in two the body fell . Head with arms lay one side . ‘Jug charn jukt duteoh prchand . Imh bheju Kharg sabh kat dareh .’ Legs and feet lay the other side . Thus was the sword wielded all did it cut . Sabooneh teh jimh tarh pareh . Reh gaee akh pasree besal .’ Like wire through soap it cut . His (Mugls Khans ) eyes and ribs lay open . End . Note ~there are many spelling mistakes in the book Waheguru ji ka khalsa waheguru ji ke fateh
Interesting sakhi from an extant Chaupa Singh rehit (translation by Hew Mcleod): Original text: Complete book available here: https://www.scribd.com/doc/251660050/The-Chaupa-Singh-Rahit-Nama-Translation-by-Hew-McLeod