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amardeep

Reference to Persia/Afghanistan in Bani

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Gurfateh

Can anyone help out with an interpretation of the below bani in terms of Babur and the conquest of Khurasan:

ਖੁਰਾਸਾਨ (khuraasaan)

Meaning: noun: Khurasan or Khorasan, the Persian province of Khorasan, a vast historical region presently lying in northeastern Iran, southern Turkmenistan and northern Afghanistan.

Quote:
ਖੁਰਾਸਾਨ ਖਸਮਾਨਾ ਕੀਆ   ਹਿੰਦੁਸਤਾਨੁ ਡਰਾਇਆ॥
(ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖ ਨੇ) ਖੁਰਾਸਾਨ ਦਾ ਖਸਮਾਨਾ ਕੀਤਾ (ਖਸਮ ਵਾਲਾ ਬਿਰਦ ਕਰਕੇ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਬਾਬਰ ਰੂਪ ਜਮ ਤੋਂ ਬਚਾ ਲਿਆ ਅਤੇ) ਹਿੰਦੁਸਤਾਨ ਨੂੰ ਭੈ-ਭੀਤ ਕਰ ਦਿਤਾ ਹੈ। 

khuraasaan khasmaanaa keeaa   hiňdustaan ḍaraaiaa.
(The Creator) has owned or protected Khurasan and has terrified Hindustan (through the agency of Babur). -Guru Nanak Sahib, Guru Granth Sahib, 360

 

Notes: Generally, the quote is interpreted as “Having conquered Khurasan, Babur invaded Hindustan.” However, it is not very clear if Babur ever conquered or ruled Khurasan region.

Historical sources tell us that Khurasan was ruled by Genghis Khan, Timur, the Afghans, Iranian Safavid  kings, and Nader Shah. The Iranian Safavid kings ruled Khurasan from 1502–1736. So when did Babur conquer Khurasan?

1380ecab-8ea4-4918-9565-c802f35ed8e4.jpg At the age of 12, Babur succeeded his father Umar Shaikh Mirza of Fergana (now in Uzbekistan) and reigned there from 1494-97 and 1498-1500. 

From 1497-98, 1500-01, and 1511-12, Babur ruled over Samarkand, a city currently in Uzbekistan. In 1504, he became ruler of Kabul where he reigned until 1526. It was from here that he began his conquest of Hindustan, which was then ruled by the Afghan Lodi dynasty. 

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1 hour ago, amardeep said:

ਖੁਰਾਸਾਨ ਖਸਮਾਨਾ ਕੀਆ   ਹਿੰਦੁਸਤਾਨੁ ਡਰਾਇਆ
(ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖ ਨੇ) ਖੁਰਾਸਾਨ ਦਾ ਖਸਮਾਨਾ ਕੀਤਾ (ਖਸਮ ਵਾਲਾ ਬਿਰਦ ਕਰਕੇ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਬਾਬਰ ਰੂਪ ਜਮ ਤੋਂ ਬਚਾ ਲਿਆ ਅਤੇ) ਹਿੰਦੁਸਤਾਨ ਨੂੰ ਭੈ-ਭੀਤ ਕਰ ਦਿਤਾ ਹੈ। 

The above will be interpreted as "God saved Khorasan from Babur .....". Historically speaking, if Babur never ruled Khorasan, then this interpretation makes sense. Is this from Fareedkot teeka?

Please see below (from Amir Bhandar teeka):

image.thumb.png.845a5eb6aef68cf265f115426ce96b12.png

 

Bhul chuk maaf

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