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  1. Waheguru Ji The full article can be read here link. Which includes the pictures of the three individuals. This is just excerpts from the article. In March 2007 whilst doing research on the Sikh Kingdom I came across a newspaper article titled, “A Yankee in the court of Maharajah Ranjit Singh” which described the life of one Alexander Haughton Campbell Gardner, an American who became a Colonel in the Sikh Kingdom. I found this intriguing, considering I knew about the British, French and Italians, not to mention the Spanish, German, Austrian and Russians serving the great Maharajah, some of whom had previously served the great Napoleon Bonaparte, was known to pay the Europeans handsomely for their knowledge of Industrial revolutionized arms and war tactics. (Though India was advanced in many other facets of life, the dynamic power of steel and steam had not quite reached its shores). A Yankee who travelled over 8,000 miles did make me raise an eyebrow. As I began to read about Gardner I stumbled across Josiah Harlan, and then Colonel Canora; there was not one, but three Americans in the Sikh Kingdom. In September 2009 I discovered the article; ‘Daughter to seek Dad’s lost riches – millions in jewels to be hunted in India’ (Ellensburg Capital newspaper, dated December 1, 1933). As I began to read the name Helene Gardner Botha, I began grinning like the Cheshire cat. Staring at my 14” monitor and thinking of one thing, and of one person only…Indiana Jones…yes I was about to undertake my own adventure, I had found a valuable clue…I just needed to buy khakis from the Thrift Shop, get vaccinated and apply for my Indian visa! It only took a chat over dinner with my wife for me to come right back down to earth. The only adventure I was about to embark on would have to be taking place in my home office, around my desktop computer. The pages in the history books that I had been reading since childhood seemed to be narrow and linear in their description of our past interactions. The multicultural nature of humans seemed to be forgotten or purposely hidden. Why has this planet upon which we all reside been made to feel separated and vast, its people made to feel poles apart (culturally, physically and spiritually) from one another? The Americans Colonel Canora,whom very little is known about, even Alexander Gardner agrees with this in his own memoirs, though we do know he died in the small scrimmage that broke out at the Fort of Hazara with Sardar Chattar Singh Attariwala men in 1848. Some historians will debate if he was in fact European rather than American. Wannabe King Harlan Josiah Harlan the man who some claim Rudyard Kipling had based his story The Man Who Would Be King on (which in 1975 became a motion picture with Sean Connery and Michael Caine, in this John Huston film) was born in Newlin Township, Pennsylvania in 1820. At the age of 21 he made a voyage to India and China, and in 1824 he joined the British East India Company as a surgeon (without any formal medical education and training, only the knowledge of medical books that he had read as a teenager). Harlan must have heard or read stories of the grand riches and wealth to be had, of the respect and intrigue that followed ‘Firanghis’ (foreigners) in the royal courts of the Indian Maharajas. Remember India was at this moment in time just ‘Bharat’, a large geographical piece of land filled with princely states, small kingdoms that operated as autonomous states, each protected by its private armies. Each ruled and governed by its own laws. Firanghis from the West offered advancements, particularly in the art of warfare. They held as much intrigue to the Indians as the Indians must have held to these soldiers of fortune. Harlan was headed for Punjab after spending time in the British Summer Capital, Shimla, however was denied access to Punjab and therefore changed his route to Kabul. When Harlan was finally granted permission to enter Punjab in 1829, he managed to negotiate the lucrative position as the Governor of Gujarat District. He was relieved of this position some nine (9) years later after the Maharajah accused him of stamping his own money and not declaring it to the state. Harlan was not quite done with the North West Frontier, he was a driven individual, someone who by now knew all the internal politics and power struggles being fought out in this part of the world. The internal urge within Harlan was driving him to greater heights, being a Governor was never going to be enough, he wanted more. In 1838 whilst supporting a local Afghan, Mohammad Reffee Beg Hazara, a Prince of Ghor, Harlan agreed to train his armies on the agreement of being given the title, Prince of Ghor. In 1840 Harlan headed back home to the United States and was welcomed as a national hero. Of the three Americans mentioned above, he was the only one that returned. (Side note: Hollywood Actor, Scott Reiniger is the great, great, great grandson of Josiah Harlan) Steamboat Gardner As colorful a life as Josiah Harlan lived, I fear that it would be a shade of grey in comparison to this Scottish descendant, for Alexander Haughton Campbell Gardner could only be described as ‘more colorful than a tartan’, the man who bore witness to every single calamity and tragedy undergone by the Sikh Empire after the death of Maharajah Ranjeet Singh. Gardner like a modern day journalist would witness the deeds but would be whisked away in the nick of time. Historians have questioned the authenticity of the ‘Soldier and Traveler – Memoirs of Alexander Gardner’ (also printed under the title of ‘The Fall of Sikh Empire’). But let me tell you something, it’s a hell of a read. Born on the shores of Lake Superior in Duluth/Superior to an Irish/Spanish mother and a Scottish father who fought alongside George Washington in the War of Independence. The family moved from the northern hemisphere back to the current borders of California and Mexico, near the Colorado River (near the town of St. Xavier). Very little is known about Alexander’s early years, however we do know he attended a seminary in St. Xavier, which he left at the age of 14. By the age of 21 Alexander lost his mother and in 1812 at the age of twenty-seven his father passed away as well. It is very clear that Alexander seemed destined for a maritime life, a life of Sailboats, foreign ports and fortune. It was in August 1831 that Alexander reached Punjab, the land of five rivers, but only after fighting against the Sikhs whilst serving Mir Alam Khan Syad, in Kabul. The Maharajah was famous for delaying the approval process of entry by foreigner’s to his kingdom, whilst the Lion of Punjab had his court conduct background checks on these individuals, trying to root out the spies from the Soldiers that were going to give his armies an edge. The Maharajah made Alexander a Colonel of Artillery with 800 regular infantry and 400 irregular cavalry. In 1838 the Maharajah commissions Alexander to build him a steamboat, yet this never seemed to daunt him. By now Gardner was fifty-three years of age, travelled from the United States to Ireland, Spain, Russia, Persia and Afghanistan then on to India. He had been a sailor, a mineralogist, gunsmith, advisor and Colonel. Nothing seemed impossible for him; he only left lasting impressions of how skillful an artisan he and his generation were. The paddle steamboat would have been another watershed moment for the visionary Maharajah. To set sail a large metallic device that floated rather than sank (the actual accounts of the boat do suggest it barely floated, but the Maharajah was only too happy and rewarded his Firanghi engineers well). The following year saw the death of the Lion of Punjab. He suffered from cardiovascular complications leaving him paralyzed after having suffered more than one stroke. What followed next was the crash of the Sukerchakia house of cards. In June 1839 the Maharajah dies, followed by the death of his heir, Kharak Singh in November, and Ranjeet’s favorite grandson, Nau-Nihal (who died while attending his father’s funeral). This Shakespearean tragedy soaked in blood and undertaken in both broad daylight and under the cloak of darkness, unfolds at an alarming rate. Within months this royal family has been shredded. Alexander witnessed all of theses tragic events, and despite having viewed these events from the treacherous camp of Raja Gulab Singh Dogra (eldest of the Dogra brothers; Dhian Singh and Suchet Singh) he does provide a sympathetic view. What followed was treason of the highest order, Shakespearian in many ways. As Sikhs we continue to blame the Dogra’s and the British for the collapse of the kingdom, however we need to look back to the period of the Misls and possibly even to the time of the Sikh Gurus. It is well documented that the Misls would be at war with themselves when not being invaded through the Kyber Pass. The ‘unity of the community’ has always been, how do I put it, nonexistent. The fact is that the collapse of the Sikh Kingdom was being planned internally since 1801, though the First Anglo Sikh War broke out in December 1845. Our colorful character witnessed all these events, in 1847 the now Maharajah of Kashmir/Jammu, Gulab Singh, made Alexander the commander of his ‘Ranbir’ regiment of infantry and artillery. The remaining thirty years of his life are spent in Kashmir where he marries and around 1851/2, has a daughter named Helena who later marries (a South African Judge with the surname Botha) and has two children, a boy and a girl. The famous picture of Alexander Gardner dressed in the 79th Tartan, adorned with the egret’s plume was taken in 1859, at a ripe old age of 74. His final days are passed meeting old Khalsa army soldiers and reminiscing about the good old days, or writing to the British about the on-coming advancement of the Russians. In 1877 Alexander Haughton Campbell Gardner passes away in Srinagar, Kashmir. He is buried in Sialkot Cemetery near the British cantonment. Surely he must have had the opportunity to head back home to the United States, but why would he? He was on a pension and received revenues from several villages, living like a prince, if not a Raja. Those around him respected him; however had he returned he would have been a foreigner to family and friends he had left behind.
  2. ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਮੁਤਾਬਿਕ: ਸਿੱਖ ਪੰਥ ਦੀ ਵਿਆਖਿਆ | ਠਾਕੁਰ ਦਲੀਪ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ गुरबानी के अनुसार: सिख पंथ की व्याख्या | ठाकुर दलीप सिंघ जी ਇਸ ਵੀਡੀਓ ਵਿੱਚ ਠਾਕੁਰ ਦਲੀਪ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਦੱਸਿਆ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਮੁਤਾਬਿਕ ਸਿੱਖ ਪੰਥ ਇੱਕ ਭਗਤੀ ਮਾਰਗ ਅਤੇ ਸੰਤ ਮੱਤ ਹੈ। ਸਿੱਖ ਪੰਥ ਵਿੱਚ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਭਗਤੀ, ਨਾਮ ਜਪਣਾ ਅਤੇ ਕੀਰਤਨ ਕਰਨ ਨੂੰ ਸਰਵੋਤਮ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ। ਅਸਾਡੇ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬਾਨਾਂ ਨੇ ਅਸਾਨੂੰ ਭਗਤ ਬਣਨ ਦਾ ਉਪਦੇਸ਼ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਭਗਤ ਹੀ ਬਣਾਇਆ ਹੈ। ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਹੁਤ ਥਾਂਵਾ 'ਤੇ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਇਹ ਵੀ ਹੁਕਮ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਨ ਕਿ ਨਾਮ ਜਪਣ ਅਤੇ ਜਪਾਉਣ ਵਾਲਿਆਂ ਦੀ, ਕੀਰਤਨ ਕਰਨ ਵਾਲਿਆਂ ਦੀ, ਕਥਾਵਾਚਕਾਂ ਦੀ, ਚੰਗੇ ਕਰਮ ਕਰਨ ਅਤੇ ਕਰਵਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਸੰਤਾਂ ਸਾਧਾਂ ਦੀ ਪੂਜਾ ਕਰੋ। इस वीडियो में ठाकुर दलीप सिंघ जी ने बताया है कि गुरुवाणी अनुसार सिख पंथ एक भक्ति मार्ग और संत मत है। सिख पंथ में प्रभु भगती, नाम जपने वाले और कीर्तन करने वाले को सर्वश्रेष्ठ माना गया है। हमारे सतगुरु साहिबानों ने हमें भगत बनने का ही उपदेश दिया और हमें भगत ही बनाया है। गुरुवाणी में अनेक स्थानों पर सतगुरु जी हमें यह भी हुक्म करते हैं कि हमें नाम जपने व जपवाने वालों, कीर्तन करने वालों, कथावाचकों, अच्छे कर्म करने व करवाने वाले साधु संतों की पूजा करें। Thakur Dalip Singh Ji explains in this video why Sikh Panth is a path of devotion and Sant Mat according to Gurbani. Prabhu Bhagti, Naam Japna, and Kirtan are regarded as the best by the Sikh Panth. Our Satguru Sahibs have both taught and created us to be Bhagats. Satguru Ji also commands us to worship those who chant and recite Naam, those who perform kirtan, narrators, saints, and saints who do good deeds and get things done in numerous places throughout Gurbani
  3. Dalip Singh stated in this video that Sikh Brothers! When we think about it, it's clear that "Sikh Panth is a devotional path." Only devotion to the Lord is considered supreme in the Sikh Panth. In many places in Holy Gurbani, Guru Sahibs have also inspired Sikhs to become Bhagats (Followers). As a result, Sikhs should worship the Lord in accordance with their Guru's Hukam.
  4. Beware of Muslims ! Sikh brothers awake and be very cautious. The Muslims to whom you say our brothers and u say they are very close to us . You say they are better than Hindus ; you must watch this video .from this you can understand what is a Muslim thought psychology . Must see this video where Muslims say they will not take even food langar from Gurdwara because it it is HARAAM. They will not allow any Gurbani Kirtan in their masjid mosque. Video:- https://fb.watch/9NOB2YKe_3/ You must acknowledge this bitterroot that Muslims do not bow to our Siri guru Granth sahib ji even if they come to our Gurdwara. Most of them consider us as Kafir. They are from a totally different civilization which can not match anywhere, anytime with the Sikh thoughts.
  5. Are there any ucharan chaal(s) for aad guru granth sahib ji, any recording on youtube or sound cloud will work for me
  6. Waheguru Ji Rare books and contemporary records on the bloody Partition of India Partition of India - SGPC Records (1946-47) Vol. 2, Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (1946-47) Download / Read Rawalpindi, Prabodh Chandra (1947) Download / Read Select Newspaper Coverage - Partition of India (1947) Download / Read Khooni Saal Diyan Khooni Holiyan (Gurmukhi), Giani Kartar Singh (1947) Download / Read 1947 Da Khooni Itihaas (Gurmukhi), Avtar Singh Bedi (1947) Download / Read Partition of India - Report on Atrocities, Ministry of Relief and Rehabilitation, Government of India (1948) Download / Read The Punjab Tragedy (1947), Prof. Darbara Singh (1949) Download / Read Now It Can Be Told, Prof. Amar Nath Bali (1949) Download / Read Stern Reckoning, Justice Gopal Das Khosla (1949) Download / Read Muslim League Attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947, Prof. Gurbachan Singh Talib (1950) Download / Read Punjab Vich Sikhan-Hinduaan Upar Kite Gye Muslim Leeg De Hamle Di Vithiya 1947 (Gurmukhi), Prof. Gurbachan Singh Talib (1951) Download / Read A Diary of the Partition Days 1947, Dr. Ganda Singh (1960) Download / Read The Partition Of The Punjab - Dr. Kirpal Singh's PhD Thesis (1966) Download / Read The Partition Of The Punjab, Dr. Kirpal Singh (1972) Download / Read Sikhan De Pakistan Vichon Niklan Di Gaatha (Gurmukhi), Dr. Kirpal Singh (2001) Download / Read Select Documents on Partition of Punjab - 1947: India and Pakistan, Dr. Kirpal Singh (1988, 2005) Download / Read Bharat Di Azadi Da Agman Ate Sikh Sthiti (Gurmukhi), Dr. Kirpal Singh (2009) Download / Read (Digitized books courtesy Punjab Digital Library | www.panjabdigilib.org and other sources) Rawalpindi Riots of 1926 - SGPC Report Download/Read Source: https://partitionof1947.blogspot.com/?m=0
  7. Gurfateh all, Giving this a post summer boost ... My name is Dr Jasjit Singh, Associate Professor at the University of Leeds.I have recently put together an online survey to examine how Sikhs engagewith Sikhi online. This survey is based on a similar survey which I ran aspart of my PhD (you can find a post about that on here!). I am now re-running the survey to see what has changed over the past 10years, focusing on digital innovations and on the online space. Anyone whoself identifies as 'Sikh' is welcome to respond. The survey link is here: https://leeds.onlinesurveys.ac.uk/sikhsurvey I am looking for responses from Sikh living anywhere of any age. Pleasefeel free to disseminate to any relevant contacts. Many thanks, Jasjit.
  8. https://www.facebook.com/GuruNanakNaamLeva/videos/1312121962153938/
  9. Just posting this up to make it easier for sikhs to find out about how we are meant to celebrate Navratri and Dusshera. There is actually something similar for Diwali as well where Dasvin 10th Patshah actually uses the word 'Diwali'! Hopefully I will find it before Diwali. https://www.facebook.com/652447751445011/photos/navratri-and-dushera-are-days-to-do-shastra-puja-the-nine-nights-of-naurate-star/995158367173946/ The nine nights of Naurate, started this year on October 12th, and go to the 22th. The tenth day, which is today, will be Dusshera, marking the date when Ram Chandra destroyed the Demon Ravan. Celebrations for Dusshera happen at Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, Paonta Sahib, and Chamkaur Sahib. The tradition for Navratari is in a passage from Suraj Prakash Granth where Guru Gobind Singh Ji commands his Singhs to conduct the seva worship of shastra. Below is a passage from Gurbilas Patshahi 10, a historical book written in 1751 CE by Kuir Singh mainly dealing with the life of Guru Gobind Singh: "ਆਜ ਨੁਰਾਤਾ ਆਦਿ ਨਿਹਾਰੋ । ਪੂਜ ਕਰੋ ਸਬ ਸਸਤ੍ਰ ਨਿਕਾਰੋ " ॥੧੩॥ [Guru Gobind Singh Ji stated] "Observe the first day of Nurate, worship and take out all of your weapons." ਸੁਨ ਕਰ ਬਚਨ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਧਾਯੋ । ਪੂਜਨ ਕੀ ਸਭ ਸੌਜ ਲਿਆਯੋ । Listening to the words [of the Guru] the Khalsa ran to bring back weapons and do worship of them. ਪਹਿਰ ਰਾਤ ਲੇ ਤੇ ਸਭ ਜਾਗੇ । ਪੂਜ ਕਾਲਿਕਾ ਕੀ ਮਧ ਲਾਗੇ ॥੧੪॥ In the last period of the night they [the Khalsa]awoke, and started to worship Kalika. ਸਭ ਜਨ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਕੇਸ ਗੜ੍ਹ ਆਵੈ । ਧੂਪ ਦੀਪ ਨੈਬੇਦ ਕਰਾਵੈ । All the [Guru's] servants came to [Takht] Kesgarh Sahib, and lit incense, lamps and offered food. ਪਾਛੈ ਅੱਛੁਤ ਪੁਸਪ ਮੰਗਾਵੈ । ਕਰ ਚਰਨਾਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਚਮਰ ਝੁਲਾਵੈ ॥੧੫॥ After they would offer rice and flowers toward Kalika, taking the Amrit from the Feet of the Guru and waving the wisk [over the weapons]. ਦੇਵਿ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਮੁਖ ਗਾਵੈ । ਉਸਤਤਿ ਕਰੈ ਮੋਦ ਮਨ ਭਾਵੈ । The stories of the Devi were recited from the Guru's mouth, reading the praises [of the Devi] everyone's mind was left in bliss. ਨਵਿਨ ਨੁਰਾਤਨ ਪੂਜਨ ਧਾਰੀ । ਪੁਨਹਿ ਦਸਹਿਰਾ ਆਯੋ ਭਾਰੀ ॥੧੬॥ On the ninth day of Naurate the worship continued, then came the [tenth day] Dusshera. ... ਸਭ ਸਿਲ ਖਾਨਾ ਛੋਰ ਮੰਗਾਯੋ । ਉੱਚ ਤਖਤ ਕੁਰਸੀਨ ਧਰਾਯੋ । All of the weapons were gathered and placed on high platforms. ਗਿਰਦੇ ਚਮਰ ਧੂਪ ਨਰ ਕਰਹੀ । ਜੈ ਜਗ ਮਾਤ ਕਾਲਿ ਮੁਖ ਰਰਈ ॥੫॥੧੭॥ All around whisks were being waved and incense was being lit, "Jai Jag Maat" [Victory to the Mother of the World] was being recited from everyone's mouth. ਅੜਿਲੁ । ਰਾਮਾਯਨ ਕਲ ਪਾਠ ਸਭਨ ਮੁਖ ਗਾਇਯੋ । [On Dusshera] the beautiful Ramayana text was recited from everyone's mouth. ਅਜਾ ਸੂਨ ਜਮ ਬਾਹਨ ਭੇਟ ਚੜ੍ਹਾਇਯੋ । [During the celebrations] goat's and buffalo's were being sacrificed. ਦੁੰਦਭਿ ਔਰ ਨੀਸਾਨ ਸੁ ਪੂਜ ਕਰਾਯ ਕੈ । The battle drums and battle standards were also being worshiped during this time. Bansavalinama written in 1769 CE by Kesar Singh Chibber also mentions the celebrating of Dusshera. Kesar Singh Ji writes: ਦੁਸਹਰੇ ਦੇ ਦਿਨ ਪੂਜਾ ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰਾਂ ਦੀ ਕਰਨ । ਚੰਡੀਪਾਠ ਕੀਤਾ ਰਸਨਾ ਦਾ ਉਚਾਰਨ । On the days of Dusshera, worship your weapons. From your mouths you should recite the scriptures of Chandi. ਧੂਪ ਦੀਪ, ਪੁਸ਼ਪ, ਬਹੁਤ ਹੋਵੈ ਸੁਗੰਧਿ । ਕੇਸਰ, ਚੰਦਨ, ਚਉਰ ਝੁਲੰਤ ।੩੯੦। [Worship your weapons by using] lots of Incense, Gee-lamps, flowers and nice fragrances. [Use] Saffron, Sandalwood and a Wisk to wave [above your weapons]. - Bansavalinama pg. 161 ਬੰਸਾਵਲੀਨਾਮਾ ਪਨਾ ੧੬੧ The tradition of celebrating Dusshera continues today in the Sikh tradition followed by most noteably the Budha Dal Nihung Sikhs and Takht Hazur Sahib, who recite Chandi Chritars and Chandi Di Vaar, along with Raam-avatar [a section from Dasam Sri Guru Granth Sahib which deals with the life story of Ram Chandra] and a pothi called Dusshera Mahatam, which is a pothi with various shabads in it dealing with the occasion.
  10. What shabad's to read for someone passing away? Or passed away? What are the Alaniya de shabad? Thanks.
  11. Waheguru Ji Sangat Ji please check this link for the video
  12. Is Guru Gobind Singh Ji written Ramayan in Dasam Granth? See this video in which Namdhari Baba Dalip Singh is talking about Ramayan.
  13. “Namdharis” to whom the whole sikh community does not consider “Sikhs”, their present head Thakur Dalip Singh is talking about expensation of Sikhism. The way he (Dalip Singh) is talking to promote our sikh religion, nobody talks like him amongst our selfs. We guys are always mad at each other, fighting over the useless petty issues and use abusive language. Even though we don’t accept namdhari as “Sikhs” but we must watch his video and try to understand his concept of promoting “Sikhism”.
  14. Why we are called Sikhs? Sikh name to Sikh religion which Guru Ji gave. I am Sikh since generations. I am proud of being a Sikh. Sikhism is the best modern and progressive religion. Non Sikhs ask me and I want answers for the following questions. 1. Which Guru Ji started Sikh religion? 2. In which year Guru Ji started Sikh religion? 3. At which place Guru Ji started Sikh religion? 4. In which place and year Guru Ji declared that my religion name is “Sikh” 5. In which place and year which Guru Ji declared that my religion is a separate from others, and it is a separate Kaum also. If any Guru Ji made Sikhs a separate Kaum (nation) he must have written in SGGS. 6. Is our Sikh religion a religion or Kaum(nation) While answering please mention name of book and page, edition year etc. I tried very hard to find answers to these questions from old Janam Sakhis, Panth Prakash, Gur bilas, Suraj Prakash, Guru Granth Sahib, Bhai Gurdas Ji and Dasam Granth also. But no where it is written about my questions. Please do not quote from Modern history books. Please help me.
  15. A person asked Sri Satguru jee (Fifth Master); is there any Pooran Sikh in today's time? Please listen to Sant Baba Makhan Singh jee Sato ki Gali wale (Head of Amritsari Taksaal) narrating the sakhi of a pooran Sikh. Please listen after 11:00 min: http://www.gurmatveechar.com/audios/Katha/02_Present_Day_Katha/Baba_Makhan_Singh_%28Sato_Kee_Gali_wale%29/Jap_Ji_Sahib_Katha/16--Baba.Makhan.Singh--Jap.Ji.Sahib.Viakhya.Part.16.mp3 Bhul chuk maaf
  16. Saw this online today on social media and i was really happy reading this article as it is really rare to hear about such gurmukhs in todays kalyug http://dailysikhupdates.com/man-does-entire-akhand-paath-in-one-sitting-48-hours/?fbclid=IwAR2xIKvKbDt2HdrKYcjpF5Id_9rKGwjZ5YrRsYvGzVYwoQDF_ojmY4ul3Z4
  17. On 30 April 1877 Britisher tried to put Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) on auction that got cancelled with the blessings of Guru Ramdas ji. Surprisingly this incident never been brought up by Sikhs since it was an act of Christians. Read full article. http://dailysikhupdates.com/british-built-gothic-tower-across-sri-darbar-sahib-1874/
  18. What you think about Harnek Naki of Radio Virsa
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