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Shastar Naam Mala Puran


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Waheguru ji ka Khalsa Waheguru ji ki fateh!

[One of my sisters from UK had asked abt purpose and history behind Baani of Shastarnaam maala. With Maharaj ji's and Shaheed Singha di Kirpa,i tried to explain reason and purpose of this Baani. i would like to share with rest of Sangat vichaar i sent to sister.If there is any Bhul-Chuk, sangat is bakshanhaar,forgive me and plz dont hesitate to correct me and pray that Maharaj ji bless me with Sumat to do service of Panth and stand up for Baani of Dasmesh pita Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj].

Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj Sache patshah was a Master, General, Poet, writer par excellence, but most importantly he was a Revolutionary! His entire composition is revolutionary in nature. His basic aim was to shake and wake up conscience of a Sleeping nation, which was being killed, looted, raped and destroyed from centuries. And the protectors, who were given duty of protecting the society and Nation, Kshatriyas (Khatris), had left this virtue of Bir-Ras and War and taken to business and other professions. Gautam Buddha was a Kshatriya himself, he started Buddhism and exhorted people to follow the path of Non-Violence. People gave up weapons, love of weapons, respect of warriors. For this very reason Brahmins like Shankaracharya went in jungles of Rajasthan, collected various tribes living in jungles at Mount Abu and gave them title of Rajputs, who were to fight for Dharam and nation after that. When Guru Nanak dev ji saw this situation, Kshatriyas, The warriors, defenders of Dharam had become slaves and money- minded, he had to say in his Baani:-

ਖਤ੍ਰੀਆ ਤ ਧਰਮੁ ਛੋਡਿਆ ਮਲੇਛ ਭਾਖਿਆ ਗਹੀ ॥

ਸ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਸਭ ਇਕ ਵਰਨ ਹੋਈ ਧਰਮ ਕੀ ਗਤਿ ਰਹੀ ॥੩

The K'shatriyas have abandoned their religion, and have adopted a foreign language.

The whole world has been reduced to the same social status; the state of righteousness and Dharma has been lost. ||3||

Which Social Status Maharaj was talking abt? It was status of ‘’Vaishya’’, The baniya,the shopkeeper whose only aim in life was to make money. Kshatriyas had taken up profession of Vaishyas. As time changed, even Rajputs started giving their daughters to mughals in marriages. There was no pride or honour left in general Indian society that time.

Guru Nanak’s mission was not only spiritual awakening of Society, not just to make Saints or Bhagats, but he also dreamt of a society free from Injustice, Tyranny and atrocities, where all could profess their faith freely and breathe in free air. He wanted to create a society of God-conscious Sant-Sipahis who’ll be Spiritual Warriors, who with Name of Waheguru on their tongues and in their hearts and Swords in their hands will vanquish tyrants and create a Halemi Raaj-‘’Kingdom of Peace’’. But this mission took 230 years, from 1469 to 1699, when Guru Gobind Singh ji created Khalsa Panth-Army of Timeless Lord (Akaal). Guru Gobind Singh ji’s baani played a very important role in this mass awakening of a sleeping nation which was committed to Dharamyudh for its rights. It was at such time when Dasmesh Pita had declared:-

ਸਵੈਯਾ ॥

ਛਤ੍ਰੀ ਕੌ ਪੂਤ ਹੌ ਬਾਮਨ ਕੋ ਨਹਿ ਕੈ ਤਪੁ ਆਵਤ ਹੌ ਜੁ ਕਰੋ ॥

ਅਰੁ ਅਉਰ ਜੰਜਾਰ ਜਿਤੋ ਗ੍ਰਹ ਕੋ ਤੁਹਿ ਤਿਆਗ ਕਹਾ ਚਿਤ ਤਾ ਮੈ ਧਰੋ ॥

ਅਬ ਰੀਝ ਕੈ ਦੇਹੁ ਵਹੈ ਹਮ ਕਉ ਜੋਉ ਹਉ ਬਿਨਤੀ ਕਰ ਜੋਰ ਕਰੋ ॥

ਜਬ ਆਉ ਕੀ ਅਉਧ ਨਿਧਾਨ ਬਨੈ ਅਤਿ ਹੀ ਰਨ ਮੈ ਤਬ ਜੂਝ ਮਰੋ ॥੨੪੮੯॥੫੧੩॥

That was a time when talking about War by religious masters was considered a anathema, Gurus were supposed to be orange or white robed Sadhus who were to give sermons on how to reach God, or how to do Karam-Kands. Non-violence was considered a very great Virtue (Thanks to Buddha) and anyone speaking about War or weapons was seen as against the virtues of Love, peace and God. But Guru Gobind Singh ji didn’t care about this, he knew that without a strong committed force, backed by a strong united society, freedom was impossible. A Nation can only have freedom when it’s each and every constituent understands the value of Freedom and is ready to shed blood for this Aim (which we Sikhs of today lack in us). Gurus had tested each and every component of Indian society, The Brahmins, The Khatris, The Rajputs, The Vaishyas, the Shudras……but no one met the standard Sikh Gurus wanted them to be of, and all failed. For this very reason Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj was chosen by Lord Akaal WaheGuru to create a Panth, An Army of Akal Purakh which was to fight for Dharam! But that army was to be created out of Humans living on this planet, Gods were not going to come from heavens to be a part of it. It was a tough task, for this very reason Guru Gobind Singh ji had asked Waheguru ji in Sachkhand to help him and bless the Panth and always be its protector which He was going to create on this earth.

ਕਬਿ ਬਾਚ ॥ ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥

ਠਾਢ ਭਯੋ ਮੈ ਜੋਰਿ ਕਰ ਬਚਨ ਕਹਾ ਸਿਰ ਨਿਆਇ ॥

ਪੰਥ ਚਲੈ ਤਬ ਜਗਤ ਮੈ ਜਬ ਤੁਮ ਕਰਹੁ ਸਹਾਇ ॥੩੦॥

Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj had called upon Brahmins and Hindu Kings to take part in the revolution which was to take place in North India, but they simply refused to be a part of Guruji’s mission, for the sole reason that Guruji had abolished Caste system in Sikhi and all Gursikhs used to sit in one pangat and have langar, carried out their Shastarvidya together and did Simran together. They couldn’t tolerate Guruji giving equal status to all and refuses bluntly to support Maharaj. They put up two conditions before Dasmesh pita, that he’ll not ask them to sit with Shudras and he’ll let them worship their Gods. Guruji refused to accept these conditions which were against Sikh principles. That time Guruji had said

ਜਿਨ ਕੀ ਜਾਤ ਬਰਨ ਕੁਲ ਮਾਹੀ ,ਸਰਦਾਰੀ ਨ ਭਈ ਕਦਾਹੀੰਂ

ਤਿਨ ਹੀ ਕੋ ਸਰਦਾਰ ਬਨਾਓੂਂ, ਤਬੈ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਾਮ ਕਹਾਓੂਂ

Earlier Nine Gurus had composed Baani which was in praise of Waheguru ,His Naam, His ‘Nadar and Karam’’Love and Peace, but Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj was given a mission to create a Fighting Force, an Army of Sant-Sipahis which was to face tyrants and butchers for centuries and crush them, and to infuse the warrior spirit in them, he undertook a heavy and momentous task of composing Bir-Ras Literature, unheard and Unmatched in history of world literature, after reading which even Cowards would take swords in their hands and fight like Lions in Battlefield. Every cut on their body, every drop of blood falling from their body was to arouse their fury in Battlefield, the fury seeing which enemies would just flee from Battle. For this, there was a need to arouse love for War, Dharamyudh in them, and for Dharamyudh to be fought and won, most important components are Weapons. Without weapons Wars cannot be fought, empires cannot be created, Nations cannot be freed. Weapons are needed to defend our self and others who cannot protect themselves. Sri Mukhvaak goes like this:-

ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਮੁਖ ਭਣਿਓ ਗਰੀਬ ਨਿਵਾਜ, ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰਨ ਕੇ ਅਧੀਨ ਹੈ ਰਾਜ

ਰਾਜ ਬਿਨਾ ਨਹ ਧਰਮ ਚਲੈ ਹੈਂ, ਧਰਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਸਭ ਦਲੇ ਮਲੇ ਹੈਂ

Thus Guruji composed Shastarnaam maala Puran, The first formal Granth in history of mankind dedicated entirely to Glory of Weapons.


Shastarnaam Maala Puran is now a part of Sri Dasam Granth Sahib ji. Puran means Ancient text. Ancient Indians had a way of glorifying their respective Devi-Devtas. 1400 years ago there was nothing such as Hinduism; there were various Sects like Vaishnavs, Shaivas and Shakats. All wrote books glorifying their Respective Gods, giving their various names, their deeds, their acts and their family history. Vaishnavs wrote for Vishnu, Vishnu puran, Bhagwat Puran, Varah Puran, Garurh Puran. Shiavs wrote Skand, Shiv and Ling puran for Shiv and Shakats had their own Devi puran and Markanday Puran. There are a total of 18 hindu purans.

Guru Gobind singh ji maharaj saw the futility of worship of these fake gods and goddesses, the negative effect their worship was having on Society as a whole. There was no unity in society that time. And to unite the masses, to infuse a spirit of Dharamyudh in them, to make people love the weapons he wrote Shastarnaam maala Puran! Guruji saw Waheguru’s light, Akaal’s Power in every atom of Universe. Waheguru was everywhere and still Is, and best way to reach him, to be one with him is to see him in the thing u LOVE the MOST. Guruji glorified Three forms of Waheguru Akaal Purakh in his Baani the most, First as Gyaan saroop( Divine Knowledge, Baani) , second as a Shastardhari(Armed With Weapons) and Third as Shastars itself. When we believe Waheguruji to be in Gyaan Saroop, We love Gurbaani, we love it, respect it, try to be One with Waheguru ji! Second Saroop of Waheguru ji, Shastardhari saroop has been glorified in baani of Guru granth Sahib ji also, although it deals with merciful saroop of Waheguru ji. Guru Arjan dev ji says in Baani:-

ਬਨਮਾਲਾ ਬਿਭੂਖਨ ਕਮਲ ਨੈਨ ॥

ਸੁੰਦਰ ਕੁੰਡਲ ਮੁਕਟ ਬੈਨ ॥

ਸੰਖ ਚਕ੍ਰ ਗਦਾ ਹੈ ਧਾਰੀ ਮਹਾ ਸਾਰਥੀ ਸਤਸੰਗਾ ॥੧੦॥

He is adorned with garlands of flowers, with lotus eyes.

His ear-rings, crown and flute are so beautiful.

He carries the conch, the chakra and the war club; He is the Great Charioteer, who stays with His Saints. ||10|

ਪੀਤ ਪੀਤੰਬਰ ਤ੍ਰਿਭਵਣ ਧਣੀ ॥

ਜਗੰਨਾਥੁ ਗੋਪਾਲੁ ਮੁਖਿ ਭਣੀ ॥

ਸਾਰਿੰਗਧਰ ਭਗਵਾਨ ਬੀਠੁਲਾ ਮੈ ਗਣਤ ਨ ਆਵੈ ਸਰਬੰਗਾ ॥੧੧

The Lord of yellow robes, the Master of the three worlds.

The Lord of the Universe, the Lord of the world; with my mouth, I chant His Name.

The Archer who draws the bow, the Beloved Lord God; I cannot count all His limbs. ||11||

Guru Arjan dev ji Maharaj praises Waheguruji’s Sargun Saroop as wearing Yellow Baana, and holding Conch (used in wars in ancient times to start the war),Chakkar, Gada and Bow and arrows, its in Shingaar-Ras. Guru Gobind Singh ji in his Baani uses more of Bir-Ras in his definition of Akaal Purakh’s warrior form, thus he becomes Maha-Kaal or Sarab-Kaal Sri Dasam Granth Sahib ji. Guru ji uses many Bir-Rasi Shastardhari names of Waheguru ji, such as,Sri Asdhuj, Sri Asket, Kharag ket, Chakkardhar so that it infuses a warrior spirit in us. This form of Waheguru ji is present there in whole of Sri Dasam Guru Granth Sahib ji beginning with Jaap Sahib,

ਨਮੋ ਸਸਤ੍ਰ ਪਾਣੇ ॥ ਨਮੋ ਅਸਤ੍ਰ ਮਾਣੇ ॥

ਨਮੋ ਪਰਮ ਗਿਆਤਾ ॥ ਨਮੋ ਲੋਕ ਮਾਤਾ ॥ ੫੨॥

This Baani inspires us to be Shastardhari as our God. Waheguru Akaal is Shastardhari himself, loving him, his Bir-Ras saroop, one day we’ll become like him, Blissful Shastardhari Khalsa.

Guruji saw Shastars as manifestation of Divine Power ,Supreme power,Aadi Shakti! When we see Waheguru ji as Shastar Saroop, when we’ll see his light and his power in them, we’ll love them, we’ll respect them, we’ll always keep them with us, we’ll value them and we’ll use them as Gift of Waheguru for a Holy Purpose. Khalsa never did and will never use his Shastars against weak, helpless, women or children. So that his Sikh loves his Shastars, Guruji invoked blessings of Divine power, Aadi-Shakti, Param-Aatma in Shastar Roop. As in beginning of bhachittar Natak,

ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥

ਨਮਸਕਾਰ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਖੜਗ ਕੋ ਕਰੋਂ ਸੁ ਹਿਤੁ ਚਿਤੁ ਲਾਇ ॥

ਪੂਰਨ ਕਰੋਂ ਗਿਰੰਥ ਇਹੁ ਤੁਮ ਮੁਹਿ ਕਰਹੁ ਸਹਾਇ ॥੧

I pray you, O Supreme Lord (Sword as symbol), grant your divine assistance that this holy Book may be brought to completion. (1)

In Bhagauti Chhand Guruji says

ਨਮੋ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਭਗੌਤੀ ਬਢੈਲੀ ਸਰੋਹ

ਕਰੇ ਏਕ ਤੇ ਦਵੈ ਸੁਭਟ ਹਾਥ ਸੋਹੀ

Guruji says in Uggardanti Chhand

ਨਮੋ ਕਾਲਕਾ ਕਾਲ ਰੂਪੀ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨੀ

ਨਮੋ ਸੁੰਭ ਨੈਸੁੰਭ ਨਾਸਨ ਭਵਾਨੀ

SO what we see is that Guru Gobind Singh ji maharaj was setting a very high ideal before Khalsa Panth, getting his Sikhs attracted towards Shastars, Baana and Dharamyudh. Guruji always used to be tyar bar tyar, always having loads of Shastars on his body, looking at which, Sikhs also starting dressing up like Guruji. Guruji even ordered Sikhs in his Hukamnaamas and Baani to be tyar bar tyarand come to him.

ਬਿਨਾ ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਕੇਸੰ ਨਰੰ ਭੇਡ ਜਾਨੋ

ਪਕੜ ਕਾਨ ਤਾਕੋ ਕਿਤੇ ਲੈ ਸਿਧਾਨੋ।।

ਇਹੈ ਮੋਰ ਆਗਿਆ ਸੁਨੋ ਤੁਮ ਪਿਆਰੇ

ਬਿਨਾ ਸਸਤ੍ਰ ਕੇਸੰ ਨ ਦੇਵਹੁ ਦਿਦਾਰੇ।।

Sikhs saw Guruji as their idol, their Master, their General and wanted to be like him, and it’s a very lovely concept of Sikhi, in which Guru transforms Sikh in his Saroop, his Form! And Guruji himself used to dress up as Akaal Purakh ordered him in Sachkhand. So we see, this Akali Baana, Shastardhaari Saroop of Khalsa has been blessed by Akaal Purakh himself. Guruji followed his Hukam and Khalsa followed its Guru’s Hukam. To immortalise this love of Shastars , Shastarvidya, Baana and Dharamyudh in His Khalsa Panth, Guruji composed Baani of Shastarnaam maala Puran.


Shastarnaam Maala has various names and qualities of 5 important weapons.

1. Sword ( Kirpaan)

2. Arrow (Teer)

3. Chakkar

4. Paash( a leather or iron rope used to suffocate enemy in battlefield)

5. Pistol (Tupak)

Like ancient Purans had various Names, kathas, Qualities of their respective Gods and goddesses, Guruji praised Shastars in his Baani, as he considered them as Form of Akaal, Mahakaal, Maha Loh, Sarabloh. Shastars were his ‘’Peer’’ (Master). So he used the best composing technique prevalent that time to show his love, his affection for shastars. Thus came into existence Puraan of Shastars, Shastar naam maala Puran! It starts with salutation to Supreme Power, Aadi-shakti Bhagauti.

ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਨਾਮ ਮਾਲਾ

ੴ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹ ॥ ਅਥ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਨਾਮ ਮਾਲਾ ਪੁਰਾਣ ਲਿਖਯਤੇ ॥

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਭਗਉਤੀ ਜੀ ਸਹਾਇ ॥ ਪਾਤਿਸ਼ਾਹੀ ॥੧੦॥

ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥

ਸਾਂਗ ਸਰੋਹੀ ਸੈਫ ਅਸ ਤੀਰ ਤੁਪਕ ਤਲਵਾਰ ॥ ਸੱਤ੍ਰਾਂਤਕ ਕਵਚਾਂਤਿ ਕਰ ਕਰੀਐ ਰੱਛ ਹਮਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਅਸ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨ ਧਾਰਾਧਰੀ ਸੈਲ ਸੂਫ ਜਮਦਾਢ ॥ ਕਵਚਾਂਤਕ ਸੱਤ੍ਰਾਂਤ ਕਰ ਤੇਗ ਤੀਰ ਧਰਬਾਢ ॥੨॥

ਅਸ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨ ਖੰਡੋ ਖੜਗ ਤੁਪਕ ਤਬਰ ਅਰੁ ਤੀਰ ॥ ਸੈਫ ਸਰੋਹੀ ਸੈਹਥੀ ਯਹੈ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਪੀਰ ॥੩॥

ਤੀਰ ਤੁਹੀ ਸੈਹਥੀ ਤੁਹੀ ਤੁਹੀ ਤਬਰ ਤਲਵਾਰ ॥ ਨਾਮ ਤਿਹਾਰੋ ਜੋ ਜਪੈ ਭਏ ਸਿੰਧ ਭਵ ਪਾਰ ॥੪॥

ਕਾਲ ਤੁਹੀ ਕਾਲੀ ਤੁਹੀ ਤੁਹੀ ਤੇਗ ਅਰੁ ਤੀਰ ॥ ਤੁਹੀ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨੀ ਜੀਤ ਕੀ ਆਜੁ ਤੁਹੀ ਜਗਬੀਰ ॥੫॥ ਤੁਹੀ ਸੂਲ ਸੈਹਥੀ ਤਬਰ ਤੂੰ ਨਿਖੰਗ ਅਰੁ ਬਾਨ ॥ ਤੁਹੀ ਕਟਾਰੀ ਸੇਲ ਸਭ ਤੁਮਹੀ ਕਰਦ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨ ॥੬॥

ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਅਸਤ੍ਰ ਤੁਮਹੀ ਸਿਪਰ ਤੁਮਹੀ ਕਵਚ ਨਿਖੰਗ ॥ ਕਵਚਾਂਤਕ ਤੁਮਹੀ ਬਨੇ ਤੁਮ ਬਯਾਪਕ ਸਰਬੰਗ ॥੭॥

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਤੂੰ ਸਭ ਕਾਰਨ ਤੁਹੀ ਤੂੰ ਬਿੱਦਯਾ ਕੋ ਸਾਰ ॥ ਤੁਮ ਸਭ ਕੋ ਉਪਰਾਜਹੀ ਤੁਮਹੀ ਲੇਹੁ ਉਬਾਰ ॥੮॥

This Baani has a total of 1318 Chhands presently. Original saroop had 1455 Chhands but rest couldn’t be recovered from any source. The description of Chhands follows as:-

1-27 is the Salutation to all the Shastars as form of Akaal Waheguru.

28-56 – Names of Kirpaan

57-74- Names of Chakkar

75-252- Names of Arrow

253-460- Names of Paash (leather Rope)

461-1318- Names of Pistol

It’s a true fact that Guruji loved Weapons very much, He called his Kirpaan ‘’Siri Sahib’’! Siri Sahib is used for Waheguru in Guru Granth Sahib ji, and Guruji didn’t differentiate between Waheguru and Shastars, so Guruji called it ‘’Siri Sahib’’! He wanted his Sikhs to be Shastardhari, fully tyar bar tyar, and Kirpan was the minimum he wanted his Sikhs to be having all time. Kirpaan is the first Shastar praised in his Baani. It’s the name Guruji gave to this Shastar. It comes from Kirpa+ Aan ( Blessing+pride). Its Guru’s blessing to us, to protect our and our Panth’s pride and honour! Guruji always used to have many Shastars on him, he even had a kirpan in his Kesh, which sangat can see at Sri Hazoor sahib at diwan after Rehraas Sahib ji.


-by Kamaljeet Singh ShaheedSar

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Could this thread be posted in the Yudh Vidya section.

Just to add (and not take anything away from the above) Shastar Pooja (which is what Shastarnaammala is in poetic/written form) is an ancient and extant Indian ritual, used as far back as the era of Sri Ram Chandra who alongside his Fauj, poojed Shastar before their assault on Lanka and the rite was practiced by Kchhatris and later by Rajputs, specifically on Dashera and Navrati, where the Khanda is still poojed as a form of Devi. Guru Sahiban adopted this ancient rite (and could rightfully be said, resurrected it, alongside use of shaastri sangeet for dharma rather than adharma) and many similarities can still be seen in Shastar Namaskaar of Gatka akaras and traditional Indian Shastar Namaskaar.

To make this ritual part of the puratan Khalsas NITNEM and beautify it in words is something that simply reinforces the greatness of Sahib-i-kamaal Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and also gives clues towards what mindest was required of his Yodhvir Khalsa.

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  • 6 years later...

1. They aren't fake gods and goddesses, if thats what you think then you have to re-read gurbani and reassess your claims. 

2. The rajputs, despite many having matrimonial ties to mughals, were not cowards. Cowards don't fight wars left, right and centre. To understand indian history you have to look at every region's royal family's history and understand the anarchic environment and the realpolitik that structured their actions. For instance, Patiala and Jaipur helped Abdali when he invaded India. The Hindu Jats of Bharatpur helped the Marathas (albeit not militarily). The same Jats had actually helped Marathas (and employed Sikh mercenaries) against Jaipur earlier. Vasundhra Raje is married to the same family today. Look it up. Also, the same Jaipur house had actually conquered Afghanistan and defeated Afghan tribes as Iv told you before. 


Also here is a very intriguing fact about the Katoch who defeated Mughal seiges 22 times in Kangra: 

A.D. 1691 Maharaja Bhim Chandra ascended to the throne. He was a contemporary to Emperor Aurangzeb.

Aurangzeb's intolerance towards the Hindus and his act of breaking old temples to give way for Mosques turned Maharaja Bhim Chandra into a rebel. He joined Guru Gobind Singh Ji The two of them successfully routed Mian Khan and the Raja of Jammu who had been sent by Aurangzeb to crush the rebellion in Punjab. Maharaja Bhim Chandra is still remembered in Sikh Songs. In return of his alliance with Guru Govind Singh Ji The Guru gave him a hereditary title of Dharam Rakshak (Defender of the Hindu faith).

(Maharaja Bhim Chandra's younger brother Kirpal Chandra built the Kirpal Kul a water course from the snow fed streams to the districts below of Bhawrana. This was the largest water course in India (when built) and is still used by people for irrigation). 

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  • 6 years later...

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