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ਅਧਕਿਰਣ ਕਾਰਕ


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I need help with the ਅਧਕਿਰਣ ਕਾਰਕ (locative case). Here are the 4 forms. I get multiple meanings for each form so it is difficult, as I would like a more definitive meaning. Example, ਮੇਰੇ ਉਤੇ is "on" and "over" so how is someone supposed to know exactly what it implies. There is a big difference between "I left the wire cutters on the fence" and "I left the wire cutters over the fence." Also, I need a better definition for ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ and ਮੇਰੇ ਲਾਗੇ as they can both mean near. I honestly need clarification on all 4 forms.

1. ਮੇਰੇ ਉਤੇ = on

2. ਮੇਰੇ ਵਿੱਚ = in

3. ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ = near

4. ਮੇਰੇ ਲਾਗੇ = near

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To throw in my two rupees worth.

I think ਕੋਲ can literally translate as 'near' whereas ਲਾਗੇ can mean the same but also 'next to'.

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