Popular Post Premi Posted May 25 Popular Post Report Share Posted May 25 BRITAIN’S 42 COUPS SINCE 1945 The UK has planned or executed over 40 attempts to remove foreign governments in 27 countries since the end of the Second World War, involving the intelligence agencies, covert and overt military interventions and assassinations, Declassified has found. MARK CURTIS 12 JANUARY 2023 https://declassifieduk.org/britains-42-coups-since-1945/ UK PLANNED OR EXECUTED COUPS & OVERTHROWS SINCE 1945 Country Planned or executed intervention 1945–48: Ukraine Covert war to overthrow Soviet rule 1946-52: Baltic states Covert war to overthrow Soviet rule 1949–52: Albania Covert war to overthrow Enver Hoxha 1950-54: Guatemala Propaganda campaign that prepared the ground for overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz government 1952-57: Egypt Covert operations to undermine and assassinate Gamal Abdel Nasser 1953: British Guiana (Guyana) Military intervention overthrowing Cheddi Jagan government 1953: Iran MI6 coup with CIA overthrowing Mohammed Mosaddeq government 1956: Egypt Military invasion at Suez intended to confront Gamal Abdel Nasser 1956: Syria Planned ‘Operation Straggle’ to promote uprising and coup 1957–59: Indonesia Covert war to overthrow President Sukarno 1957: Syria Planned operation to promote uprising, coup and assassinations 1961: Congo UK involvement in the overthrow and murder of Patrice Lumumba 1962-70: Yemen Covert war to overthrow Abdullah al-Sallal government 1963: British Guiana Constitutional coup to ensure Cheddi Jagan not re-elected 1964: Brazil Propaganda and support of key agitators to help overthrow João Goulart 1964: Saudi Arabia British military advisers active in backing Prince Faisal’s palace coup against King Saud 1965-66: Indonesia Covert support to Generals and media operations in support of overthrow of Sukarno 1965: Sharjah Removal of Saqr bin Sultan al-Qasimi in favour of Khalid bin Mohammed Al Kasimi 1966: Abu Dhabi Involvement in palace coup replacing Sheikh Shakhbut bin Sultan with Zayed bin Sultan Al Nayhan 1966: Ghana Involvement in US-backed coup overthrowing Kwame Nkrumah 1969: Uganda Planned assassination of Milton Obote 1970-71: Libya Planned uprising and coup against Muammar Gaddafi 1970: Oman UK coup replacing Sultan Said bin Taimur with Qaboos bin Said 1970s (late): Uganda Foreign secretary David Owen proposed assassination of Idi Amin 1970s (mid): Uganda Prime minister Harold Wilson proposed assassination of Idi Amin 1975: Australia Buckingham Palace role in removal of prime minister Gough Whitlam 1975–76: Angola Covert aid to rebels to overthrow government of Agostinho Neto 1976: Italy UK involved in coup plot in event of election win for Italian Communist Party 1980-88: Afghanistan Covert operations supporting mujahideen to end Soviet rule 1986: Libya UK offered use of its air bases to US conducting airstrikes to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi 1990s: Iraq Support for opposition groups challenging Saddam Hussein 1992: Azerbaijan MI6/BP role in overthrow of Ayaz Mutalibov by Abulfaz Elchibey 1992: Yugoslavia Planned assassination of Milosevic 1993: Azerbaijan MI6/BP role in overthrow of Abulfaz Elchibey by Haydar Aliyev 1996: Libya Covert operation funding an assassination attempt on Muammar Gaddafi 2001: Afghanistan Military intervention to overthrow Taliban regime 2001: Iraq UK drew up plans for a coup attempt against Saddam Hussein 2003: Iraq Military intervention to overthrow Saddam Hussein regime 2011-18: Syria Operations supporting opposition forces to remove Bashar Assad regime 2011: Libya Air strikes and covert ground operations to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi regime 2019: Bolivia UK diplomatic support for opposition to Evo Morales before and after his removal in a coup 2019: Venezuela Recognition of alternative government and support for opposition to Nicolas Maduro government 3 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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