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Introduction of Buddha dal


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source: http://www.nihang.net/anbd.htm

Buddha Dal

The Nihang Singh's are also known as Panth Rakhvale, i.e., the defenders of the faith, and are the original custodians of the Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple) and the Takht Sri Akaal Bunga. The Akaal Bunga was built by the Akaal Sena, by the command of Jathedar Akali Baba Guru Hargobind Ji. The Akaal Sena was the first fighting army of the Sikhs and literally means, the immortal army. The warriors of the Akaal Sena are known as Akalis. A Nihang Singh becomes an Akali Nihang Singh through promotion, i.e., through doing a great act. An Akali can be distinguished from a Nihang Singh, from his Dhamala. The top of an Akali's dhamala will have a loose piece of cloth hanging out from it. This is called a Fharla. Therefore, it can be seen through direct lineage that the Akali Nihangs are the custodians of the Akaal Bunga.

Since the 18th century the Akali Nihang Singhs have formed themselves under the banner of Buddha Dal, the army of the wise. The Buddha Dal is organised into two divisions, the Buddha Dal, comprising of warriors above the age of 40, and the Turana Dal, the front line fighting men, under the age of 40. The Turana Dal is a constantly mobile unit, whereas the Buddha Dal remains semi-mobile, dealing with religious and political matters. The Buddha Dal, it can be seen, has direct lineage from the Akaal Sena, and therefore, is the original governing body of the Sikhs.

The Khalsa Panth has five Takhts, or seats of power. The Buddha Dal is the first Takht. The full name of this Takht is

'Akali Panth Panjmi Takht Cheanamae Crore Chakra Vart Dal'.

As we can deduce from the title, the first Takht, the Buddha Dal, consists of Akalis; it is one of the five Takhts; it is a Chakra Varti Dal, a moving army; and has a prophecised number of 960,000,000 Akalis.

The other four Takhts are:

-Takht Sri Akaal Bunga

-Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib

-Takht Sri Patna Sahib

-Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib, Abchalnagar.

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