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Canada's "Niggers"

By Santbir Singh

Tuesday, April 29, 2003 - 10:12 PM GMT+5:30

Vilification of the Guru Khalsa Panth by the Canadian Establishment

Part I: The Lost Dream

"Very simply, what we face in British Columbia is this - whether or not the civilization which finds its highest exemplification in the Anglo-Saxon British rule, shall or shall not prevail in the Dominion of Canada. ... I reaffirm that the national life of Canada will not permit any large degree of immigration from Asia. ... I intend to stand up absolutely on all occasions on this one great principle - of a white country and a white British Columbia."

- Henry Herbert Stevens

Member of Parliament for Vancouver City Centre

in a speech delivered on June 1914 during the Komagatamaru Incident.

As you read these words, the fate of two Sikhs is being decided in a Vancouver courtroom specially constructed at the cost of ten million Canadian dollars. An entire city block around the courthouse has been shut off from traffic, this in the heart of Vancouver's downtown.

As of yet, the government has failed to show why such security measures are necessary. They have not demonstrated even one viable threat to the proceedings that would justify these actions. It appears that the only reason for these measures is to paint the picture of Sikhs as being a people so violent, that they cannot even be expected to respect a court of law.

For most Canadians the trial is merely a formality, the guilt of the two Singhs having already been decided upon.

Right across the street from all this is the Vancouver Art Gallery. This grand building used to be the city's courthouse before the new building was constructed, and it is there, eighty years ago, that Shaheed Bhai Meva Singh was tried and sentenced to death.

The more things change, the more they stay the same…

Every country needs their scapegoats. In India, in the 1980's it was Sikhs, now it is the Muslims, and it has always been Pakistan. In Israel it is the Arabs, in Zimbabwe it is the white farm owners, and in America the role has been fulfilled by a variety of groups.

African Americans have been the primary scapegoats for generations of Americans. Blaming "niggers" for any and all problems is an American tradition, but that role has been shared in recent years. A famous civil rights activist and lawyer stated recently, "Muslims have become the new Niggers of America".

It might then be prudent to write that Sikhs have become the new Niggers of Canada.

Most governments and societies need "the other". A group of individuals who happen to be from a different ethnicity, religion, political view point or race. It is not just politicians who use scapegoats for their political gains. It is common for a society to blame its problems on a new immigrant group or a visible minority, especially in times of war or economic uncertainty. This is a response as old as time and, in the modern era, it has been the media and law enforcement agencies that have fed into these fears and been the outlet for their expression.

These different groups - the police, the media, the politicians and public sentiment - come together in a spiral of hate and blame from which minority groups that are targeted find it nearly impossible to break out of. The police's actions against the group only validate what the media is already saying, thus further fueling the rhetoric of politicians, and serving to inflame the sentiments of the larger population.

Protests and cries for fairness on the part of the targeted group usually fall on deaf ears. Those who do listen are quick to condemn the group for not following the rule of law, not letting the justice system do its work and not having faith in the country and democracy. These statements are usually followed with the quick retort that if the group isn't happy about living in the country, that they can just as well return back to "where they came from".

One would be surprised by how many people hold that tiny bit of resentment and fear of minority groups in their hearts, and as soon as the media has made it "okay" for people to express these opinions, the intolerance just comes pouring out.

Many Sikhs now believe that there are forces out there that wish to see Sikhi destroyed, and that these forces wish to physically annihilate Sikhs from the face of the earth. I would argue that to a point, that is wrong.

Besides Bahadur Shah in the early 1700's, Mir Mannu in the mid 1770's and Ahmad Shah Abdali in the later decades of the very same century, no government has ever tried to completely eradicate all Sikhs, such as Hitler tried to do with European Jews in the 1930's and 40's. Governments have quickly learned that, when faced with an openly declared campaign of genocide, Sikhs unite and fight on a common front for the survival of their Panth. These governments also learnt that Sikhs come out of the fire of oppression much stronger then when they entered.

Instead of that all out genocide, since the 1800's, governments who have targeted Sikhs have been content to not destroy Sikhi completely, but instead to target those Sikhs who have a strong Panthic stance, those Sikhs who stand up for the rights of their nation. As we can all bear witness to today, the end results of these methods are much more damaging to the Panth than the easily classifiable campaigns of genocide. The reasons for this change in tactics are obvious.

If a government were to target all Sikhs, regardless of their political or religious convictions, Sikhs would have no choice but to join together and fight back as a unified Nation. Those Sikhs that are Sikhs only in name would convert back to whatever religion they came form, and only the true daughters and sons of Guru Gobind Singh would remain, and they would fight their hardest. For them, the only other option in the situation would be extinction.

So, governments instead decided to ruthlessly target only those Sikhs who lived up to the definition of a Sikh as expounded by Guru Gobind Singh. Those Sikhs who were Sikhs only by the most basic of definitions, and who had no problem working for repressive regimes, were, instead of being killed, promoted into positions of relative power and, more importantly, prestige. Thus, when these governments were confronted with their actions, they could always point to the few "house niggers", who were conveniently propped up for that very purpose, as a sign of their fairness and respect for minorities.

Remember that it was a "Sikh" who signed the papers for the attack on Gurudwaras in 1984, and a "Sikh" who led the army into Darbar Sahib.

In the early 1900's, anti Sikh and anti-Asian sentiment in general was very strong in Canada. This was most evident in British Columbia, the province where Vancouver lies, which, just as it is now, was Canada's largest city and port on the west coast, and the main gateway into the country for immigrants from Asia.

A detailed account of the racism and persecution that the early Sikhs faced in Canada will be far too great a subject to get into now, however, there are internet sites and books that have detailed the early Sikh experience in North America. Needless to say, as the quote at the beginning of this article demonstrates, many prominent reporters, police personnel and politicians were very open in their racism towards Sikhs.

The RCMP and the Vancouver Sun led the anti-Sikh, and anti-immigrant, movement. It should be noted that it is the Vancouver Sun's Kim Bolan who today is the most passionate in her portrayal of Sikhs as terrorists and a threat to Canadian national security.

As scary as the thought is, the racism that existed in the early days of Canada has not disappeared. It has only been masked and disguised, but its motives and goals have not changed in the least.

The early Sikhs were strong in their faith. They would lead Nagar Kirtans on every major Gurpurab through the downtowns of whatever city they lived in, regardless of the racism they were confronted with. Sikhs took days off work, days for which they were not paid at a time when they lived in precarious economic conditions, in order to come together as Sangats for important events. They wore their Kakkaars proudly, and tied their Dastaars with grace.

By the late 1920's however, most, if not all, of the religious and politically minded Sikhs in B.C. had returned to Punjab to fight for independence against the British. The Sikhs left over in Canada quickly fell apart. They did not live up to the standards of their faith, and almost all of them assimilated, or tried to at least, into the Canadian mainstream.

By the 1930's, those few Sikhs who could enter Canada were immediately taken to the barbershop in Chinatown (since Sikhs were not allowed in "white" shops) and had their hair cut.

By the 1950's almost all "Sikhs" in Canada did not look like Sikhs. Gurudwaras became a place for empty ritual, and Maryada became a foreign word. In all respects, Sikhism had died within Canada.

It was only in the 1970's that, after Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau eased up on Canada's immigration laws, wide scale Sikh immigration once again flowed into Canada.

Throughout the 1970's, Sikhs settled in Canada in ever increasing numbers. A majority of them made their homes in Vancouver and many also moved to smaller towns in the north and interior of British Columbia. Most of these Sikhs were not very religious and, just as before, these Sikhs cut their hair as soon as they entered the country; many, in fact, had their hair cut before they even boarded their planes in India.

The fate of Sikhi had not grown any brighter with the migration of so many "Sikhs" in the 1970's. The real turning point for Sikh Canadians was to occur later, in 1984. That year, everything changed, and the lives of Sikhs would not be the same, regardless of which country they called home.

After June 1984, the transformation in the Sikh Diaspora was quick and dramatic. Sikhs who had turned their backs on their Guru, Sikhs who knew nothing of their faith, were suddenly drawn to Sikhi. Sikhs all around the world took the Guru's Amrit in astounding numbers. Sikhs began to instinctually speak out against the actions of the Indian government. It was a sea change. Shaheed Baba Jarnail Singh really had woken the sleeping Panth, and overnight Sikhs rediscovered their proud heritage. The actions of Indira Gandhi, and the courageous response of Baba Jarnail Singh, had brought about a complete revolution in the social make-up of Sikhs the world over.

In Canada the impact was striking.

In a protest that was organized by Ajaib Singh, among others, on the weekend after Operation Blue Star, tens of thousands of Sikhs marched forcefully through the streets of Vancouver. Later, Sikhs staged an enormous protest in front of the Indian consulate. Two Sikhs entered the consulate itself and destroyed the offices of the Indian representative.

The message was clear and strong. Sikhs were not going to stand for the actions of the Indian government, and Sikhs were united in this condemnation.

That first protest was a turning point, many people who had never even considered themselves "true" Sikhs, people who never would have thought of getting involved in such protests showed up with their families. Mothers carried their babies in their arms, fathers had their infants on their shoulders, and the entire Vancouver Sangat stood in unison in a truly awe inspiring moment.

The same thing was happening in Sikh communities the world over.

For fifty years, the Canadian establishment had not worried about the Sikhs. Once the Panthic minded Sikhs had returned to Punjab and had given their lives for the freedom struggle, the remaining "Sikhs" had not given the Canadian mainstream any problems. The Sikhs did not even have the right to vote in Canadian elections for decades, but one didn't hear too much complaining from the "Sikhs" left over in Canada. The Guru's words always hold true, and just as Guru Gobind Singh stated that a Sikh without hair or a sword is but a sheep, the actions of the cut-hair, non-Kirpan wearing "Sikhs" of Canada in the 1940's and 50's were those of sheep, not the lions the Guru had created.

But now, suddenly, the Sikhs had woken up again. They were taking a stand; they were getting involved.

Canadians, like people in many other 'developed' countries, like to believe that they are not racist. They will talk about multi-culturalism and the beautiful mosaic of ethnicities that makes up these modern nations with genuine pride. But as soon as a minority group becomes politically active, as soon as they take to the streets in protest and do not just nod quietly at the bus stop to their fellow citizens, then the powers that be grow quickly afraid of "these people" and their "backward" manners.

The Canadian government was visibly distressed. For them, this was a major problem. What to do with these Sikhs who had not been a problem when they were conforming to the Canadian mainstream, getting drunk on Friday nights and watching the hockey game with the good ol' boys down at the local pub, but now were growing their beards long, wearing their Kirpaans, and demanding that Canada take steps against the government of India? The Sikhs were organized, united and vocal, and ignoring them was becoming difficult.

How could Canada, a country respected the world over for its stance on human rights and democracy, be so worried about the legal and democratic actions of its own citizens? Would Canada not respect its own democratic traditions? Let us look at some facts.

In November of 1984, Joe Clark, the former Prime Minister, and at that time Foreign Minister of Canada - who is still the head of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, and a sitting member in the Canadian Parliament - was in Delhi during the anti-Sikh pogroms. It has been demonstrated that he himself witnessed Sikhs being burned alive in the streets of the Indian capital.

Upon returning to Canada, instead of speaking out against the actions of the Indian government, Joe Clark made what is now an infamous speech in the Canadian Legislature where he stated that he had evidence that Sikh Canadians had set up terrorist organizations, and that these organizations were planning violent actions. He then listed every single Sikh organization, which was in existence at that time, as a terrorist cell. It was these very same groups that were trying so hard to make the Canadian government take notice of what was happening to their brethren on the cities and villages of India.

Canada had a problem with Sikhs for two reasons.

The first reason is the fear of "the other" that has already been discussed. Men with beards and turbans are easy targets of the media. They are and have been mocked and demonized by the Canadian press for a century now. The underlying fear of Sikhs that had been festering in certain Canadian political circles for decades reared its ugly head again in the 1980's. With sensational news stories and dramatic warnings, the public soon began to think of all Sikhs as terrorists. Sikhs had become Canada's "niggers".

Just as blacks were used in America by the media and government to scare the population and distract them from the real issues, Sikhs were being made into scapegoats by the Canadian establishment. The Canadian intelligence service, CSIS, the federal Canadian police force, the RCMP, major Canadian print and electronic media, and the government in power at the time were only too happy to fan the flames of the fire they themselves had created.

Most of this work was done subtly, over time. A news story here or a press release there. Small statements that made it look like Sikhs were a growing menace. Well-calculated steps that would lead the Canadian populace to automatically link Sikhs with terrorism.

There were, however, a few incidents of blatant racism. One such event occurred during the World's Fair, Expo 86, held in Vancouver in 1986.

This event, which occurs every four years in a different city around the world, was one of the most significant in Vancouver's history. It heralded a major economic boom for Vancouver, and put Vancouver on the map in many ways. What many Sikhs today forget is the fact that Sikhs were harassed en masse at Expo 86.

For weeks before the event began, the media reported on "rumors" and unsubstantiated reports that Sikhs were planning to blow up Expo, or poison the drinking water, or commit some sort of terrorist act. Canadian law enforcement agencies did nothing to stop these rumors and, in many ways, did quite the opposite, leaking hints that such an act was indeed planned, or that they had "caught" suspects and were questioning them, and on and on.

Of course, nothing of the sort occurred, and no Sikh or Sikh organization was ever even identified as having planned out such actions, but the damage was done and the media and police refused to try and correct their "mistake".

This was simply part of the larger plan, to demonize the Sikh community. When Canadians now thought of a terrorist, the image that came to mind was of a man with a long flowing beard and a turban on his head.

The second reason for Canada's desire to see Sikh political activism halted was, simply put, money.

As with most things in life, the real motive was greed. In the 1980's, the Canadian government was in the process of forming closer ties with the Indian state. The Indian middle class was emerging as a powerful consumerist force, and Canada wished to cash in early. India and Canada were part of the Commonwealth, and the Canadian government sought to exploit those historic ties for economic gain. Canada was exporting goods to India, and it was important for the Canadian authorities that India not view Canada as a safe haven for Sikhs, especially those Sikhs advocating sovereignty.

At the time, Canada's premier export to India was nuclear reactors, called "Candu Reactors". These reactors have been subsequently shown to have massive safety problems. Canada was desperate to sell these reactors to India, and it did not want to offend its new trading partner.

Joe Clark's remarkably inaccurate and blatantly racist comments in Canada's parliament make sense in light of these growing economic ties between the two countries. It should also be noted that it was these nuclear reactors that allowed India (and Pakistan) to build their nuclear bombs in the 1990's ( Federal Government Dodges Question Of Canadian Accountability In Indian Nuclear Tests, Sierra Club of Canada).

Peace loving Canada might not get its hands dirty in all out wars, but when it comes to helping those wars to be fought, Canada is right up there with the best of them. (Exporting Disaster: The Cost Of Selling Candu Reactors, David Martin)

How far was Canada willing to go to stop Sikhs from growing as an effective and powerful voice for freedom and human rights?

Well, according to David Kilgour, who was a member of parliament in Joe Clark's government in the 1980's, is now a well respected Cabinet Minister in Jean Chretian's Liberal government, and who serves as Secretary of State for Latin America and Africa, they went as far as planning a bombing of an Air India jet.


To discredit Sikh Canadians, and to ensure that their demands were never taken seriously.

Kilgour wrote a book, titled "Betrayal: The Spy Canada Abandoned", about a Polish double agent who worked for both the KGB and CSIS, and who was subsequently betrayed by Canadian authorities. In one of the chapters of this book Kilgour details how the Canadian and Indian governments, working together, planned another bombing of an Air India jet, just a year after the 1985 bombing.

This seems too far-fetched for many to believe.

After years of reading what the mainstream Canadian media has to say about the case, it is hard to accept anything else as the truth. For eighteen years, the media has stated that the main suspects in this bombing are Sikhs, and that the Canadian Sikh community has somehow been "protecting" the true perpetrators of this terrible crime by not cooperating with law enforcement agencies.

But David Kilgour has nothing to gain by pointing the finger at the very same government he is a part of. He has no reason to take the "side" of Sikhs and to make up stories to defend them. Kilgour is a well-respected Canadian politician, one who is still in power, and sits on the cabinet of the ruling part. If Kilgour's account is not enough to convince you, then let us analyze the impact of the Air India bombing on the Canadian Sikh community.

The Air India bombing was a great tragedy, something that can never ever be legitimized by any moral argument. It was wrong in every respect. To kill over three hundred innocent people in "retaliation" for the deaths of innocent Sikhs makes no sense, and is a motive that no Sikh with even an elementary knowledge of the religion would ever dare to espouse. We must not forget the fact that three hundred innocent people were brutally murdered, and those victims deserve justice. But righting one wrong with another is not justice. The question must be asked, whose interests were served by this horrendous act of terrorism?

Did the Sikh community benefit? Was the "Khalistan" movement furthered? Were Sikh demands for recognition of human rights abuses subsequently heard?

Before the bombings, which occurred almost exactly a year after the attacks on Darbar Sahib, the Vancouver and larger Canadian Sikh community was almost completely united. Besides a few members of the community who would never dare criticize "mother" India, the entire Sangat was demanding some sort of Sikh homeland in the Indian sub-continent. At the very least, the community was united in its denunciation of the Indian government.

After the bombings the community was immediately split.

Just as dramatically as they had been one, the Sikh community in Vancouver fractured into many smaller pieces. Many of those who had been supporting the sovereignty movement grew very afraid. They did not want to be associated with terrorist bombings and the deaths of so many innocent people. Cries for recognition of Sikh rights became muted. Anyone who still talked openly about Sikh sovereignty was seen as being responsible for the Air India bombing, or at the very least, insensitive to the family members of the victims.

It became impossible to talk about human rights abuses against the Sikhs in India without being labeled as a terrorist. What was once a grassroots, large-scale movement quickly dissolved into one lead by a few organizations that, over time, would begin to fight more with each other then actually furthering the aims of the Panth.

The Sikhs were shamed. The heart of the Khalistan movement outside of Punjab was successfully and brilliantly destroyed.

On the other hand, the Canadian government was able to show that Sikhs were terrorists, just as they had been saying all along. Joe Clark was vindicated. They could now crack down on Sikh Canadians and thus strengthen their economic ties with India. The Indian government could state that Sikhs in India were happy with the Indian government, and that it was just a few "extremist" outsiders who were fanning the flames of sovereignty and human rights. Reporters like Kim Bolan could further their case for Sikhs being a threat to all Canadians, and she could go so far as to write that Sikhs had inflated human rights abuses in India to further their ends in Canada. CSIS could increase its budget and maintain that it needed more resources to monitor the Sikh Canadian community and other "terrorist" groups, like the Tamils, Irish Republicans and others.

From an objective standpoint, it appears that the Indian government benefited the most from the bombing of Flight 182. There can be no explanation for why Sikhs might want to carry out such an action, or how such an action could have benefited the Sikh movement in any way. The benefits to India are obvious.

To those who say that India would never dare kill people of Indian ancestry in such a brutal manner, I would ask them to read up on the last fifty years of India's history, and learn just how much India respects the rights of its own citizens.

Many things died that fateful day eighteen years ago.

Three hundred innocent souls lost their lives.

And the Canadian Sikh community lost its voice and its dream.

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Gur Fateh Singh Khalsa,

Good article...everyone in the know, knows exactly who was behind that bombing and why.

As the article points out, it had it's desired effect. This sort of strategy is indias forte and is still enthusiastically used. Remember Chittisangpora?

What was it that Nehru used to say...?

For the family sacrifice the indiviual for the community sacrifice the family and for the country sacrifice the community....utter bas**rd

Gur Fateh

Sukhbir Singh

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  • 4 weeks later...

Check this out.. i m shocked.. CSIS also playing the dirty game along with indian spies using sikh extermist like "Talvinder Singh Parmar" as their scapegoat...


source: http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/06/01/csis_airindia030601

MPs want probe into CSIS link to Air India plot

Last Updated Mon, 02 Jun 2003 7:25:54

VANCOUVER - Opposition parties are calling for an inquiry into accusations that Canada's spy agency blocked a police investigation into the bombing of an Air India plane.

INDEPTH: Air India

The Canadian Security Intelligence Service tried to conceal that one of its agents was close to the plot, according to secret RCMP files just released.

CSIS ordered the destruction of hundreds of wiretaps to cover up any evidence that it knew about the planned bombing, the Mounties believe.

A CSIS mole penetrated a circle of Sikh extremists accused of planning the attack, according to the files. It's not clear exactly what he told the spy agency before the bombing.

Investigators say the informant, identified as Surjan Singh Gill, was apparently aware that something was about to happen. He was ordered to pull out three days before Air India Flight 182 blew up in June 1985, killing 329 people.

Surjan Singh Gill

Opposition MPs are demanding an inquiry into how much CSIS knew about the impending tragedy, and why the organization did not warn police. Two B.C. men are now on trial for the bombing – the worst case of mass murder in Canadian history.

"There are very profound questions about just how deeply involved the CSIS source was," says NDP justice critic Svend Robinson. "What did he know?"

"Obviously, they were well aware that (the bombing) was going to happen," says Alliance MP Randy White. "The question is, then, 'Why wouldn't they have passed that information over to the RCMP, possibly preventing this whole bombing disaster in the first place?'"

By erasing wiretaps, it appears that CSIS was "prepared to effectively jeopardize a successful prosecution" just so that its informant was not implicated, Robinson says.

The RCMP files also raise concerns about the destruction of evidence. The loss could sabotage the entire prosecution and result in acquittals, according to one police report. It predicts "intense criticism of CSIS" when all the facts come out a trial.

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  • 2 weeks later...

This is quite interesting.



Book Review

'SOFT TARGET' by Zuhair Kashmeri and Brian McAndrew, 1989, 162 pages, James Lorimer & Company, Toronto

Smoke Signals

I.J. Singh Sun Jun 24

A gripping tale, cleverly told with clarity and brevity, Soft Target, delves into areas where solid proof is often elusive and evidence rarely follows a straight path.

Frequently, one looks for the smoking gun in vain. Yet the authors, journalists respectively for the Canadian papers Globe and Mail and The Toronto Star, present a disturbing hypothesis. Their thesis is that after she regained power in 1980 in India, Indira Gandhi had one important item on her agenda: to divide the Sikhs at home and abroad so completely that, were she to try to crush them, no effective retaliation could occur.

That she miscalculated is history. Thus, the large, established community of expatriate Sikhs in Canada was targeted for an extensive intelligence operation by the Indian government. The object was to undermine the Sikh community.

Through interviews with officers of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and Canadian Security Intelligence Service, Indian diplomats in Canada, as well as many Canadian Sikhs, Kashmeri and McAndrew trace the intricate web of espionage and involvement by Indian intelligence on Canadian soil.

There is little doubt that the two reporters make their case. They name Indian diplomats who were asked to leave Canada perhaps for their undesirable activities. They interviewed paid informers recruited by the Indian government. Indian intelligence agents fomented violence at Sikh gatherings. They document cases of human rights abuses by the Indian government. Finally, they point the finger of suspicion at the long arm of Indian intelligence for the dreadful explosion of Air India Flight 182 over Ireland in 1985 that claimed 329 lives.

For this explosion the Indian government has blamed 'Sikh terrorists' all these years, yet the Canadian investigative panel found no evidence to sustain such a conclusion. Unfortunately, in this case the findings of Kashmeri and McAndrew must remain conjectural; their evidence is suggestive but not conclusive. The authors also charge that the failure of the Canadian government to confront India over such gross violations of its laws and sovereignty was due to its overriding concern for relations with a very important trading partner. Did business interests triumph over concerns for human rights?

The conclusions of the book are consistent with the growing image of India as a regional power that often meddles in the affairs of its neighbors. Surprisingly, the Indian government, which is normally quick to react to poor press abroad, has remained uncharacteristically quiet and unresponsive to the very strong allegations in the book.

The reputations of some Canadian Sikh activists will suffer. This book will provoke many readers, as a well-written book should. Though controversial or circumstantial, enough evidence is presented to make a damning case against the Indian government and indict it for some very undesirable behavior.

Despite some typographical glitches, it is a compelling tale. It finishes with events in 1988, yet leaves one with the feeling of an unfinished story. The book cries out for an exhaustive and thorough inquiry into how a government might have set out to subvert a community for its own domestic political reasons.

The book carries a brief but useful summary of the Sikh religion and of the growth of Sikh disaffection with the Indian government.

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  • 2 months later...

Watch this:


See Part I and Part II... you will need real player to play those files...

Its amazing how canadain govt and media bash image of sikhs. See both part 1 and 2 to see what i m talkin about :twisted: :twisted: :twisted: :twisted: :twisted:

Note: If you guys think canadian media put the whole image of sikhs into bad light. I would request people to contact Sikh Coalition- http://www.sikhcoalition.org/ and SMART- http://www.sikhmediawatch.org/

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  • 6 months later...

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