Jump to content

Budha Dal and Tarvna Dal – abit about them & Jathedars

Guest kaur1699

Recommended Posts

Guest kaur1699

Dal Khalsa became too powerful and was very difficult to control centrally by Nawab Kapoor Singh particularly, after the death of Darbara Singh in 1734. He divided Singhs into 2 major groups (Jathas); Budha Dal and the other one Tarvna Dal. The Jatha of Budhadal had all the members of the age group above 40 years where as all the members of Tarna Dal had to be below 40 years of age. These too bands had their own drum (Nagara) and banner (Nishan). Nawab Kapoor Singh remained in command of these two dals which were jointly known as Dal Khalsa.

Different Misils in Dal Khalsa

On the eve of 29th March 1748 a meeting of Sarbat Khalsa was held at Sri Akal Takhat Sahib. There it was decided to divide Dal Khalsa into 65 bands. Together they will be known as Dal Khalsa. Since then every Jathedar of Akal Takhat was a Nihang. Starting from Akali Phoola Singh ji who was sworn in as the first Jathedar. On 14th September 1755 Dal Khalsa was again divided into 30 small bands. As the time went by these 20 bands formed their own branches. As more time passed by 12 misils were formed. 11 of those misils were divided into two Dals by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. The 12th Misil was of ‘Patialay Walay’. He made 6 misils of Budha Dal. First misil belongs to the followers of Ahluwalia. The second misil belongs to the followers of Singh Puri. The third misil belongs to the follower of Dabwali. Fourth misil belongs to the followers of Croran Singhia. The Fith misil belongs to the followers of Nishan walia and the final misil belongs to the followers of Shahidi.

Tarvna Dal was led by Jathedar Hari Singh Bhangi and it was also divided into five misils. These are as following:

1. Misil of Bhangi

2. Misil of Ramgarhian’s

3. Misil of Kanula

4. Misil of Nabia

5. Shakar Chakian Misil

Budhadal had a complex history of wars and sacrifices. They have kept the old sayings of the Gurus with great deed. Budhadal is serving the entire community, not only by teaching the religious facts, but also by opening various schools. Budhadal Public School in Patiala shows that they are serving the entire community with heart and devotion. Budhadal Public School is one of the best institute in the Patiala. The school has an enrollment of over 2400 students from various cities and from various cultures. It has a base of equality for every student. School’s main focus is on the career opportunities for each student. The education standard of this institute is so high that results from matric and senior secondary education are nearly 100%. Many of its students are gaining fame and recognition in the field of medical, engineering, science and research.

Over the past many Jathedars of Budhadal were sworn in as the Jathedars of Akal Takhat. They are as followings in a chronological order.

1. Jathedar Baba Binod Singh Ji

The first jathedar of the Khalsa Panth and was from the 7th generation of Guru Angad Dev Ji (2nd Guru of the Sikhs). He accompanied Baba Banda Singh Bahadur in every battle and lead the army by front. In the battle of Gurdas Nangal Baba Vinod Singh had a narrow escape while unfortunately Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was imprisoned and was matyared.

2. Jathedar Baba Darbara Singh Ji

The second jathedar of the Khalsa Panth,Baba Darbara Singh ji was born in a village known as Dal. Baba Darbara Singh and Gharbara Singh were two sons of Bhai Nanu Singh ji, whose forefather belonged to Guru Hargobind's family. At the age of 12, he went to Shiri Guru Gobind Maharaj at Anandpur Sahib At the age of 16, he was entitled as Diwan. He served Guru ji for the16 years and also became the jathedar of Shiri Akal Takht for 12 years. He had a long life for 90 years. Before his death, he handed over his jathedari to his successor Nawab Kapoor Singh ji. He was martyred in 1734. His gurudwara is situated in a village Kahlawa.

3. Jathedar Nawab Kapoor Singh Ji

The third jathedar of the Khalsa Panth, Baba Nawab Kapoor Singh Ji was born on 1697, in a village named Kaloka, Distt Shekupura (Pakistan), in a house of Chowdhary Dalip Singh Virk (a Jat). He along with his father and brother had nectar (amrit), the draught of immortality and knowledge sublime, and became a saint. In 1726, he joined the jatha of Baba Darbara Singh Ji.

In 1733, he conqured Faizulpur and re-named it as Singhpur. In the same year, he was entitled "Nawab". In 1734, he divided the Khalsa Panth into two groups, Budha Dal and Tarunadal (it was further divided into 5 different groups). He also formed 12 different sub-groups of the entire panth. Bahi Jassa Singh and Bahi Thraj Singh ji were named as among the leaders of these groups. He remained as the jathedar for a period of 20 years. He passed away in 1753. His gurudwara is situated near Baba Tal.

4. Jathedar Baba Jassa Singh Ahluwalia

The fourth Jathedar of Budhadal Sardar Jassa Singh Aluwalia was born on the third day of May 1718 in a village Alu, Distt. Lahore (Pakistan). His father was (Sardar Badar Singh Ji Kalal). In 1723, Badar Singh Ji passed away. In 1723, he along with his mother went to Delhi to stay with Mata Sunder Kaur Ji, and stayed there for 6 years. He beptised himself from Nawab Kapoor Singh Ji and joined the 'Jatha'. In 1738, he became famous among his people.

On 14th Oct. 1745, he lead one Jatha in a battle. He attacked Kapurthala and conqured it, and made it his capital. On the 26th April 1761, he conqured Lahore and floated his own currency. As this was one of the act of authority in making the economy flow. On the 5th of Feb 1762 in a village Kuparhidhe near Malerkotla, he lead the Panth and rescued many womens of Hindus from the Muslim. He further divided the entire Khalsa panth (including the sub-groups) into 2 major groups - Budhadal and Tarnadal.

5. Jathedar Baba Naina Singh Ji

The fifth Jathedar Baba Naina Singh ji came into the Budhadal at the age of 20 years. His brother was Bhup Singh who was also a saint at that time and had two sons - Chidth Singh and Kharagh Singh. Kharagh Singh remained with Baba Naina Singh ji. Baba Naina Singh, who was born in a village named KhudiKurd, near Barnala belonged to a Sidhu family. Kudi Khurd was established under a queen named Rani Chand Kaur, wife of a great king Ala Singh. Khudi Khurd comes under distt. Sangrur.

6. Jathedar Akali Phoola Singh Ji

The sixth Jathedar of Budhadal was born on the 14th Day of January 1761 in a village Sinha. His father was sardar Ishwar Singh died when he was just 9 years old. Akali Phula Singh Ji got baptised from Baba Naina Singh Ji and remained with him at Anandpur Sahib.

In 1800AD he came to Amritsar and fought a war with the cruel Shiat Muslim in 1809. He fought many other battle(s) with the Muslim rulers in alliance with Maharaja Ranjit Singh ji. In the battle of Naushire in 1823 he was sacrificed.

7. Jathedar Baba Hanuman Singh Ji

The seventh jathedar of Budhadal was born in 1756 in a village Naurang Singh Wala, Distt. Zira. Baba Hanuman fought his battle in 1845 against the British. He proved too much for the British. Many British soldiers were killed during this battle. As he returned to Patiala along with his army he was fired at by the British cannons and 1500 Sikhs were killed. However, Baba Hanuman Singh managed to escape unhurt and reached Ghudam and fought another battle with the British. In the battle of Kumbada (Suhana) he was executed along with 500 other Sikh soldiers.

8. Jathedar Baba Prahlad Singh Ji

The eighth Jathedar of Budha dal Baba Prahlad Singh Ji was a son of Sardar Jagat Singh and Sardarni Bishan Kaur. In the year 1846 he was assigned as the jathedar of the Budhadal. He was one of the most successful Jathedar of his own time. During his reign he became the Jathedar of Akal Takhat also. Later during his reign as a Jathedar Baba Ji was attacked by Baba Ala Singh, for which the former had to response. They fought a very heavy war in which both of them were executed. After their death rioting became one of the most ever changing scenario. Military was brought in to control Singhs - many were killed and wounded during these riots and some were taken prisoners and were jailed in Hyderabad fort. Few who survived were hiding in the woods. Some of the Sikhs remained under the Hukum of Guru and remained near to Hajur Sahib and Sikhs who were not involved in these rioting in Punjab kept the love for peace and prosperity flowing through the generations.

9. Jathedar Baba Gian Singh Ji

Born in Mulanpur, Baba Gian Singh Ji came from a Deol family. The town from where he came from had a common cast of Tatlay. He along with his friend Baba Prem Singh came to Punjab after getting baptized.

Baba Fathay Singh of Mahilpur, who was a well renowned Nihang Singh in Punjab gave five highly precious horses to Baba Gian Singh Ji as a sign of friendship. Baba Gian Singh Ji was given full support by Fathay Singh Ji to form a strong Sikh foundation in the Punjab.

Before Baba Gian Singh Ji came to Punjab, Baba Fateh Singh Ji and Baba Sadhu Singh Ji had got back the Shad Bagh from the Sodhies. Now the fourth generation of Baba Gian Singh Ji is now taking care of Shahid Bagh.

During the reign of Baba Gian Singh Ji people in general were sawing tobacco, Baba Ji didn't liked what they were doing for their earnings. He refused to take any eatables from these people. He advised that they should stop cultivating tobacco, instead they should produce other eatables and that would yield a healthier food. He had enough persuasive power to mould the entire general public to what he liked.

10. Jathedar Baba Teja Singh Ji

Baba Teja Singh was born in 1839, son of Khazan Singh, and his mother was Sugo from Rawalpindi (Pakistan). He became the Jathedar of Budhadal in 1907. He used to perform Kirtan in a very un-usual manner by banging kada with glass. He remained as the Jathedar of Budhadal for 22 years. He lead a normal life spanning 90 years and passed away in 1929

11. Jathedar Baba Sahib Singh Ji

Baba Sahib ji Kaladhari was born in 1876, son of Kishan Singh and his mother was Athar Kaur. He graduated from Lahore and became the first Tehsildar of Patiala. After leaving his first job, he joined the Budhadal, later on he became the Jathedar of Akal Takht. He suffered lot of injuries during his Jathedari. Britishers imprisoned him and his Jatha, thinking that, he must be hatching a conspiracy to turn the British Empire. Baba Sohan Singh served him, during the captivity period. He lead a normal life spanning 66 years and passed away in 1942. His Gurudwara is located in Amritsar, near the burj of Akali Phula Singh.

12. Jathedar Baba Chet Singh Ji

Baba Chet Singh was born in 1914, son of Sardar Gurdit Singh and his mother was Pradhan Kaur Sabo (from Talwandi). He served the Jatha with heart and soul. He bought a piece of land, in front of Anandpur Sahib Railway station, from the Sodhies and named it as Guru Da Bagh (Guru's Park).

He lead a normal life spanning 54 years and passed away in 1968.

13. Jathedar Singh Sahib Baba Santa Singh Ji

Singh Sahib Baba Santa Singh, the present Jathedar, was born on 1928, son of Sardar Baghwan Singh and his mother Pritpal Kaur, belongs to the village Kila Miya Singh (Distt. Gujranwala, now in Pakistan). At the age of 10, he joined Budhadal and served it under the leadership of Baba Chet Singh Sahib. He started a printing press at Guru Da Bagh, at Ananadpur Sahib to propegate the message of Guru(s).

He got published many religious literature(s) and distributed them among the common people, free of cost. Now all publications are printed from Patiala. He has started, a monthly magazine of Nihang's (Nihang Singh Sandesh).

Since 1925, no more jathdar of Budhadal became the Jathdar of Akal Takhat as SGPC took over the control of Akal Takhat.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

bhenji i would just like to add that all the jathedaar of budha dal were also the jathedaar of the akaal takhat sahib.......this was the case up until the time akali baba sahib singh ji when the british backed sgpc took over......by going into akaal takhat sahib and physically beating baba sahib singh and a couple of his fellow nihang singhs and getting a laathee (stick) and wedging it under the manjee sahib of dasam guru granth sahib and toppling it and throwing out the nihang singhs and the dasam guru granth sahib jees bir.........saying get out and take your filthy book with u!........this is the history of these dusht papee british lap dogs.......haramee!!!.........sgpc........... :evil:

these are the ppl who call them selves the representives of sikhi and the controllers of the khalsa panth???? :evil:

sorry just thought id add that little bit information... :twisted:

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 1 year later...

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • Create New...