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What is the significance of number 108?


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Writer: Eddie S. Singh

 Sanskrit alphabet: There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti. 54 times 2 is 108.

 Pranayama: If one is able to be so calm in meditation as to have only 108 breaths in a day, enlightenment will come.

 Upanishads: Some say there are 108 Upanishads, texts of the wisdom of the ancient sages.

 Sri Yantra: On the Sri Yantra there are marmas where three lines intersect, and there are 54 such intersections. Each intersections has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti qualities. 54 times 2 equals 108. Thus, there are 108 points that define the Sri Yantra as well as the human body.

 9 times 12: Both of these numbers have been said to have spiritual significance in many traditions. 9 times 12 is 108. Also, 1 plus 8 equals 9. That 9 times 12 equals 108.

 Powers of 1, 2, and 3 in math: 1 to 1st power=1; 2 to 2nd power=4 (2x2); 3 to 3rd power=27 (3x3x3). 1x4x27=108

 Desires: There are said to be 108 earthly desires in mortals.

 Lies: There are said to be 108 lies that humans tell.

 Delusions: There are said to be 108 human delusions or forms of ignorance.

 Heart Chakra: The chakras are the intersections of energy lines, and there are said to be a total of 108 energy lines converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, sushumna leads to the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to Self-realization.

 Marmas: Marmas or marmastanas are like energy intersections called chakras, except have fewer energy lines converging to form them. There are said to be 108 marmas in the subtle body.

 Time: Some say there are 108 feelings, with 36 related to the past, 36 related to the present, and 36 related to the future.

 8 extra beads: In doing a practice of counting the number of repetitions of the mala, 100 are counted as completed. The remaining are said to cover errors or omissions. The 8 are also said to be an offering to God and Guru.

 Chemistry: Interestingly, there are about 115 elements known on the periodic table of the elements. Most of those, around or higher than the number 100 only exist in the laboratory, and some for only thousandths of a second. The number that naturally exist on Earth is around 100.

 Astrology: There are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. 9 times 12 equals 108. Chandra is moon, and kalas are the divisions within a whole.

 Planets and Houses: In astrology, there are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equals 108.

 Goddess names: There are said to be 108 Indian goddess names.

 Gopis of Krishna: In the Krishna tradition, there were said to be 108 gopis or maid servants of Krishna.

 1, 0, and 8: Some say that 1 stands for God or higher Truth, 0 stands for emptiness or completeness in spiritual practice, and 8 stands for infinity or eternity.

 Sun and Earth: The diameter of the sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth.

 Numerical scale: The 1 of 108, and the 8 of 108, when added together equals 9, which is the number of the numerical scale, i.e. 1, 2, 3 ... 10, etc., where 0 is not a number.

 Meditations: Some say there are 108 styles of meditation.

 Paths to God: Some suggest that there are 108 paths to God.

 Smaller divisions: The number 108 is divided, such as in half, third, quarter, or twelfth, so that some malas have 54, 36, 27, or 9 beads.

 Hinduism: 108 is said to refer to the number of Hindu deities. Some say that each of the deities has 108 names.

 Islam: The number 108 is used in Islam to refer to God.

 Jain: In the Jain religion, 108 are the combined virtues of five categories of holy ones, including 12, 8, 36, 25, and 27 virtues respectively.

 Sikh: The Sikh tradition has a mala of 108 knots tied in a string of wool, rather than beads.

 Chinese: The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each.

 Stages of the soul: Said that Atman, the human soul or center goes through 108 stages on the journey.

 Meru: This is a larger bead, not part of the 108. It is not tied in the sequence of the other beads. It is the quiding bead, the one that marks the beginning and end of the mala.

 Dance: There are 108 forms of dance in the Indian traditions.

 Praiseworthy souls: There are 108 qualities of praiseworthy souls.

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