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Punjab - 'Madra Des'


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Vaheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Vaheguru Ji Ki Fateh !

In the 'Bachitra Natak' ( seventh 'adhiaaie' chapter) Guru Gobind Singh Ji writes of his return to 'Madra Des' - the ancient name for the Punjab - and of being loved, cherished and cared for in the Land of his Ancestors.

ਮਦ੍ਰ ਦੇਸ ਹਮ ਕੋ ਲੇ ਆਏ ॥ ਭਾਂਤਿ ਭਾਂਤਿ ਦਾਈਅਨਿ ਦੁਲਰਾਏ ॥੨॥

"Madra des ham ko le ae. Bhant bhant daian dulrae"

In this post I have collected some of my favourite images of Punjab - old and new - it is rather image intensive but I hope you will take the time to look at them all , and enjoy them.

This post is dedicated to the Three ' Punjabs' - the one in Pakistan, the one in India and the one scattered all over the globe.

Lahore - Ranjit Singh's Samadh and the Badshahi Masjid - c.1860

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A persian wheel - 'Halt' - Punjab - 1903

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A domed bullock cart - 'Gadda' 1903

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The GT Road in 1903

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A Lahore street scene

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Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Samadh - Lahore 1903

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The 'Bhangian di Tope' - the Zamzama Gun - [Cannon made in Kabul, brought over by Ahmed Shah Abdali and used in the Battle of Panipat. Cast from bronze and copper. Captured by the Bhangi Misl Sardars .Under Ranjit Singh it became the symbol of the Sikh Empire. Made famous by Rudyard Kipling in "Kim"] - Lahore 1903

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Women fetching water from a well - 1903

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A Sikh village - 1903 - note the 'Kachhe Kote' - mud houses

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Driving Oxen ('balld')

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A 'Sadhu' outside the Harimandir Sahib - 1903

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The Harimandir Sahib in 1903

The view from the Baba Atal tower

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The Darbar Sahib and the Ramgarhia Minars with domes

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The Darshani Deori and walkway

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Ragees at the Darbar Sahib with tantee saaj - The photograher Gertrude Bell makes this very 'imperial' comment about the picture -

Near Golden Temple. "There were two men outside playing on a sort of lute and singing praises of the Granth, but they can't have been very serious worshippers, for when I stopped to photograph them, I heard them interpolate into the song 'and the Mem Sahib came and took a picture' - all in the same squeaky tune. Perhaps he was telling the Granth about me!"

!!!!!!!!!!! Hmmmm

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Bathers - the Akal Takht can be seen in the distance

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Stereoviews of Amritsar

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In front of the Akal Takht

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Amritsar schoolchildren

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Amritsar street scene

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Anaglyphs of the stereo images

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Amritsar booksellers

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Amritsar Shopkeepers

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1926 - 'Lode Vele di roti' afternoon meal

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1940s - Grinding wheat for flour and Churning Milk

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Sikh Zamindaars - Sardar Bahadur Jai Singh of Bidowali (Malva) - note the ties and jackests worn with 'salwars' and a Lungi/tamba

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Sardarni Bachint Kaur of Bodlan (Doaba)

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A Village Mela

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Bhangra

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Lambardaars (numberdar) of Gurm village (Ludhiana) 1920s

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Lambardaars of Raikot village (Ludhiana) 1920s

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'Suhaaga' with 'balld' used to remove large clumps of soil

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1920s wrestling match between Sikh and Muslim soldiers

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The "Great" Gama (1882-1960), also known as Rustam-e-zaman Gama Pahelvan, Pehlwan & undefeated wrestler

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A 1920s Mud Village

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Pre Green revolution Punjab - 1960s

a persian wheel - a 'Halt'

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Rasoi - kitchen

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Sparse living conditions - with calendars as decor

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Roof Tops - no TV antennas, satellite dishes, or water 'tankys' in the shape of airplanes or weightlifters !

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Cattle market

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Traffic

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Village kitchen

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Village 'Been Baja' - bagpipers

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Bhangra

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'Kusrey' - the 'entertainment' / gatecrashers at a 1970s wedding

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A village wedding - note the 'Kanaatan' - coloured marquee / tent - now rarely seen

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The 'Hal' - ploughing the land

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Sugar Cane harvest - 'Belna' and 'Gurh'

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Sewa in the 1960s

Bhagat Puran Singh and Piara Singh - the 'Garland' around his neck

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'Shabeel' - giving water to the thirsty. This photograph is like the iconic picture of Bhai Kanhaiya - with the sewadar giving water from a 'Musk' skin carrier.

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Teaching Gurbani - an Ustad and students

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Kneading the dough for 'Parshadey'

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making 'parshaday'

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Fanning the Sangat

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1973 Kar Sewa of the Sarovar Amritsar

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'Jorian di Sewa'

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Students of the Central Sikh Orphanage Amritsar

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*********

Modern Pictures

Cha di Hatti - tea seller Amritsar

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'Raffle Donali' - Baran Bore

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"Gujjars"

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Hitching a free ride from a 'Trolley'

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Tractors in the shadow of Gurdwara Parivar Vichora

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'Kanak di Rakhi' - looking after the ripe crop - note the Lantern - is it a 'Goodmans Lalltan' ?

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Kids in the 'Kamaadi' - sugarcane

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'Tori vala Saag' -

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Cooling down

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Gadda races

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A Nihang Singh and his Singhni - Aw Bless !

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As my family comes from from Doaba here are a couple of pictures for all those who say there is no 'culture' in the Doab - just agri'culture'. !

The beautiful ruins of the medieval sarai at Nur Mahal (near Jalandhar)

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Nakodar (Jalandhar) - 'City of Fakirs' - 17th century tombs

the tomb of Mohammed Momin - tanpura player of Khan-i-Khanan , one of Akbar's 'Navratnas'

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The tomb of Haji Jamal

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And finally ......

A crumbling 'Haveli' in Bassi Pathana (near Sirhind) a reminder of past glories

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Hope that wasn't too long !!

Enjoy !

Ranjit Singh 'Freed'

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