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State Population Up By Over 13 Pc: Census 2011

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Chandigarh, April 2

The detailed census for Punjab conducted during 2011 will be released officially sometimes next week. Some trends are, however, available and the provisional population data released for the 2011 census suggests a 13.73 per cent growth in population figures over the last decade. This has raised the density of population in Punjab to 550 persons per square kilometre that makes it the 13th most congested state in the country.

Sources in the Department of Census said that the data for the state was being tabulated and was expected to be complete sometimes in this coming week. It would be put out only after thorough verification. However, some details are already known that include the total head count in the state. Punjab that has a total population of 2, 77, 04, 236, including 14, 634, 819 men, 13, 069, 417 women and 2,941,570 children.

In percentage terms, Punjab is 2 percent of the national population that has been put at 1.21 billion. Though the density of population of Haryana (573) is slightly higher than Punjab (550), the density of population in neighbouring hill states of Himachal Pradesh (123) and Jammu and Kashmir (124) is nearly one-fourth, perhaps on account of terrain. Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and UP fall in the second highest populated zones of the country.

Punjab’s Child Sex Ratio (CSR) has actually improved from 2001. In the last 10 years, the CSR has risen to 846 females born for 1,000 male infants born in the state. This is far better that the 798 figure of the 2001 census, but still much lower than the national average of 914. The national average in 2001 was higher at 927. The male to female sex ratio in Punjab stands higher at 893, which means more the survival male child is higher than the female child.

Literacy in Punjab has actually gone up and the current census puts the average literacy in the state at 76.68. The average is higher among men and put at 81.48 per cent, while the average among women is 71.34 per cent.


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Is this literacy rate still based on a minimum of being able to write your name as opposed to having to use a thumb print as you mentioned earlier?

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By the prevailing Census definition, anyone above the age of seven who can read and write with understanding in any language is considered ‘literate'. The giveaway is that it is not necessary for the literate person to have received any formal education or to have attained any minimum educational standard.

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